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Annual Cash Income from Community Forest Management in the Brazilian Amazon: Challenges for the Future

CIRAD-GREEN Campus International de Baillarguet, TA C-105/F, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Nexus Socioambiental Ltda., CX postal 233 Ibiuna, São Paulo 18150-970, Brazil
GRET Rua Antonio Bareto 983, Edf Montblac, Apt 1301, Belem-Pará 66055-050, Brazil
Cooperfloresta, Rua Primavera 199, Baixa da Colina, Rio Branco-Acre 69901-349, Brazil
Universidade do Estado de Amapa, Av. Presidente Vargas 650, Centro, Macapá 68900-070, Brazil
CIRAD-B&SEF Campus International de Baillarguet, TA C-105/D, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Wil de Jong, Pia Katila, Glenn Galloway and Pablo Pacheco
Forests 2015, 6(11), 4228-4244;
Received: 23 September 2015 / Accepted: 16 November 2015 / Published: 20 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Incentives and Constraints of Community and Smallholder Forestry)
Community forest management (CFM) is considered an alternative way to protect forests while providing income for smallholders. Since the mid-1990s, the number of CFM projects has rapidly increased in the Brazilian Amazon, although most of them still face several difficulties. In this paper, we discuss the obstacles to the financial viability of CFM in this region and propose some ways to overcome them. Based on evidence from five case studies, we assess the extent to which sustainable forest management for commercial timber production contributes to smallholder income. We show that harvesting timber only provides a limited cash income to smallholders, even though forest covers 80% of their landholding. Market access to timber is very uncertain and smallholder communities often fail to make a profit from their timber. Minimum remunerative public prices and support for timber marketing are thus needed. Simpler and more flexible procedures are required to reduce the high transaction costs of obtaining a permit and increase smallholder involvement in legal forest management for commercial purposes. Finally, a better assessment of timber potential in smallholder forest reserves through systematic inventories would be useful to avoid arousing false expectations. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brazilian Amazon; community forest management; tropical timber Brazilian Amazon; community forest management; tropical timber
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Piketty, M.-G.; Drigo, I.; Sablayrolles, P.; De Aquino, E.A.; Pena, D.; Sist, P. Annual Cash Income from Community Forest Management in the Brazilian Amazon: Challenges for the Future. Forests 2015, 6, 4228-4244.

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