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Article

Origins, Diversity and Naturalization of Eucalyptus globulus (Myrtaceae) in California

1
Biological Sciences Department, California Polytechnic State University, 1 Grand Avenue, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA
2
School of Natural Sciences and ARC Training Centre for Forest Value, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 55, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
3
CSIRO Land and Water, Private Bag 12, Hobart, TAS 7001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Joaquim S. Silva and Ernesto Deus
Forests 2021, 12(8), 1129; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081129
Received: 28 July 2021 / Revised: 13 August 2021 / Accepted: 18 August 2021 / Published: 23 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecology of Eucalypts in the Introduced Range)
Eucalyptus globulus is native to southeastern Australia, including the island of Tasmania, but is one of the most widely grown hardwood forestry species in the world and is naturalized on several continents. We studied its naturalization in California, where the species has been planted for over 150 years. We sampled 70 E. globulus trees from 53 locations spanning the entire range of the species in California to quantify the genetic variation present and test whether particular genotypes or native origin affect variation in naturalization among locations. Diversity and native affinities were determined based on six nuclear microsatellite markers and sequences from a highly variable chloroplast DNA region (JLA+). The likely native origin was determined by DNA-based comparison with a range-wide native stand collection. Most of California’s E. globulus originated from eastern Tasmania. Genetic diversity in California is greatly reduced compared with that of the native Australian population, with a single chloroplast haplotype occurring in 66% of the Californian samples. Throughout California, the degree of E. globulus naturalization varies widely but was not associated with genotype or native origin of the trees, arguing that factors such as local climate and disturbance are more important than pre-introduction evolutionary history. View Full-Text
Keywords: blue gum; chloroplast DNA; genetic diversity; invasive species; microsatellites; molecular markers; non-native; landrace; eucalypt blue gum; chloroplast DNA; genetic diversity; invasive species; microsatellites; molecular markers; non-native; landrace; eucalypt
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yost, J.M.; Wise, S.L.; Love, N.L.R.; Steane, D.A.; Jones, R.C.; Ritter, M.K.; Potts, B.M. Origins, Diversity and Naturalization of Eucalyptus globulus (Myrtaceae) in California. Forests 2021, 12, 1129. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081129

AMA Style

Yost JM, Wise SL, Love NLR, Steane DA, Jones RC, Ritter MK, Potts BM. Origins, Diversity and Naturalization of Eucalyptus globulus (Myrtaceae) in California. Forests. 2021; 12(8):1129. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081129

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yost, Jennifer M., Sascha L. Wise, Natalie L. R. Love, Dorothy A. Steane, Rebecca C. Jones, Matt K. Ritter, and Brad M. Potts. 2021. "Origins, Diversity and Naturalization of Eucalyptus globulus (Myrtaceae) in California" Forests 12, no. 8: 1129. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12081129

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