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An Updated Infrageneric Classification of the North American Oaks (Quercus Subgenus Quercus): Review of the Contribution of Phylogenomic Data to Biogeography and Species Diversity
Article

Geographical Structuring of Quercus robur (L.) Chloroplast DNA Haplotypes in Lithuania: Recolonization, Adaptation, or Overexploitation Effects?

1
Agriculture Academy, Faculty of Forest Sciences and Ecology, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaičio g. 58, LT-44248 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Institute of Forestry, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Liepų Str. 1, Girionys, LT-53101 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mary Ashley and Janet R. Backs
Forests 2021, 12(7), 831; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12070831
Received: 3 May 2021 / Revised: 9 June 2021 / Accepted: 13 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quercus Genetics: Insights into the Past, Present, and Future of Oaks)
We studied the maternally inherited chloroplast DNA polymorphism at three microsatellite loci of 157 Quercus robur trees from 38 native populations in Lithuania. We found high diversity of eight haplotypes from the Balkan lineage A (frequency 0.75) and the “German” subbranch of the Balkan lineage A (freq. 0.12), western and eastern Italian lineages C (freq. 0.05 and 0.06, respectively), and Iberian lineage B (freq. 0.03). The haplotypes were geographically well structured (among population differentiation index PhiPT = 0.30, the p-value < 0.001) that is unexpected for such a small territory as Lithuania. We raised a hypothesis on historical overexploitation of oaks by eliminating certain haplotypes in Lithuania, following a drastic felling of oak forests over the last few centuries. View Full-Text
Keywords: chlorotype; pedunculate oak; oak decline; genetic diversity; gene conservation; post-glacial migration chlorotype; pedunculate oak; oak decline; genetic diversity; gene conservation; post-glacial migration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Danusevičius, D.; Baliuckas, V.; Buchovska, J.; Kembrytė, R. Geographical Structuring of Quercus robur (L.) Chloroplast DNA Haplotypes in Lithuania: Recolonization, Adaptation, or Overexploitation Effects? Forests 2021, 12, 831. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12070831

AMA Style

Danusevičius D, Baliuckas V, Buchovska J, Kembrytė R. Geographical Structuring of Quercus robur (L.) Chloroplast DNA Haplotypes in Lithuania: Recolonization, Adaptation, or Overexploitation Effects? Forests. 2021; 12(7):831. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12070831

Chicago/Turabian Style

Danusevičius, Darius, Virgilijus Baliuckas, Jurata Buchovska, and Rūta Kembrytė. 2021. "Geographical Structuring of Quercus robur (L.) Chloroplast DNA Haplotypes in Lithuania: Recolonization, Adaptation, or Overexploitation Effects?" Forests 12, no. 7: 831. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12070831

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