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Article

Impact of Forest Logging Ban on the Welfare of Local Communities in Northeast China

1
School of Economics and Management, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
2
Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Bioresource Sciences and Research Institute of Agriculture & Life Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2021, 12(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12010003
Received: 24 October 2020 / Revised: 29 November 2020 / Accepted: 18 December 2020 / Published: 22 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Economics, Policy, and Social Science)
Background and Objectives: In order to effectively protect and restore natural forest resources, the Chinese government banned logging in state-owned forests of northeast China in April 2015. This is an enormous change for people who live in that region, especially forestry workers and their families, who depend on state-owned forestry enterprises. Following the welfare changes in worker households in a timely manner is conducive to gaining a better understanding of the development status of state-owned forest areas, so as to provide a scientific basis for the government to formulate forest policies that will contribute to sustainable development. Materials and Methods: Using Sen’s theory of welfare measurement, we measured the change in welfare of forestry worker households based on an empirical research framework that measures the function and gap in welfare before and after the logging ban. Results: (1) The welfare of worker households changed due to the logging ban in terms of function; social security, dwelling conditions, and psychological conditions improved, whereas economic status and social opportunity declined. (2) The logging ban had different impacts on the welfare of forestry worker households depending on their livelihood. Low-income households solely dependent on forestry work or engaged in this work for diversified income were impacted most by the ban, while high-income households engaged in forestry as a major source of income or for complementary income were impacted less. (3) The logging ban seems to affect social welfare distribution: the proportion of households classified as low welfare increased, while that of high-welfare households decreased. View Full-Text
Keywords: state-owned forest area; household welfare; fuzzy evaluation method; Theil index state-owned forest area; household welfare; fuzzy evaluation method; Theil index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Geng, Y.; Sun, S.; Yeo-Chang, Y. Impact of Forest Logging Ban on the Welfare of Local Communities in Northeast China. Forests 2021, 12, 3. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12010003

AMA Style

Geng Y, Sun S, Yeo-Chang Y. Impact of Forest Logging Ban on the Welfare of Local Communities in Northeast China. Forests. 2021; 12(1):3. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12010003

Chicago/Turabian Style

Geng, Yude, Siboyu Sun, and Youn Yeo-Chang. 2021. "Impact of Forest Logging Ban on the Welfare of Local Communities in Northeast China" Forests 12, no. 1: 3. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12010003

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