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Priorities for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Forest Genetic Resources in Four Mexican Pines

1
CENID-COMEF, National Institute for Forestry, Agriculture and Livestock Research, Progreso 5, Coyoacán 04010, Mexico
2
Research Institute on Sustainable Forest Management, University of Valladolid, Av. Madrid s/n, 34004 Palencia, Spain
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Colegio de Postgraduados, Postgrado en Ciencias Forestales, Km 36.5 Carr. Mexico-Texcoco, Montecillo 56230, Mexico
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División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas. Universidad Juárez Autónoma deTabasco. Ctra. Villahermosa-Cárdenas, km 0.5, Centro, Tabasco 86000, Mexico
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Freelance, Villahermosa, Tabasco 86000, Mexico
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INIA-CIFOR, Department of Ecology and Forest Genetics, Ctra. Coruña km 7.5, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias y Forestales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo. Av. San Juanito Itzícuaro s/n, Col. Nueva Esperanza, Morelia 58337, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(8), 675; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10080675
Received: 22 July 2019 / Revised: 31 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 August 2019 / Published: 9 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Forest Ecology and Management)
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Abstract

The strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of forest genetic resources, which are essential for the future adaptation of forest species to changing environments, are also a source of valuable genetic resources for breeding and restoration activities. The first step to define and implement cost-effective strategies is to identify specific priority populations. Mexico, in spite of being characterized by high levels of tree species diversity, mostly lacks a combined strategy for the genetic conservation and use of forest genetic resources. The aims of this work are: (i) to identify areas for gene conservation, and (ii) to propose measures for the conservation and sustainable use of forest genetic resources of four pine species: Pinus greggii Engelm. ex Parl., Pinus oocarpa Schiede ex Schltdl., Pinus patula Schiede ex Schltdl. & Cham. and Pinus pseudostrobus Lindl. To do that, we use the existing information on the distribution, genetic variation and conservation and breeding efforts in Mexico. Overall, 51 areas for establishing genetic conservation units were prioritized and 6 genetic zones for the use of forest genetic resources in breeding and selection of forest reproductive material were identified. The current conservation efforts for the four priority Mexican pines should be improved to satisfy the needs of a national breeding and conservation network. View Full-Text
Keywords: genetic diversity; genetic conservation units; forest management; Pinus greggii; Pinus oocarpa; Pinus patula; Pinus pseudostrobus genetic diversity; genetic conservation units; forest management; Pinus greggii; Pinus oocarpa; Pinus patula; Pinus pseudostrobus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flores, A.; López-Upton, J.; Rullán-Silva, C.D.; Olthoff, A.E.; Alía, R.; Sáenz-Romero, C.; Garcia del Barrio, J.M. Priorities for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Forest Genetic Resources in Four Mexican Pines. Forests 2019, 10, 675.

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