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Open AccessReview

Non-Equilibrium Plasma Processing for the Preparation of Antibacterial Surfaces

Istituto di Nanotecnologia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari, Italy
Dipartimento di Chimica Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari, Italy
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mauro Pollini
Materials 2016, 9(7), 515;
Received: 29 April 2016 / Revised: 12 June 2016 / Accepted: 20 June 2016 / Published: 25 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances and Applications of Nano-antimicrobial Treatments)
Non-equilibrium plasmas offer several strategies for developing antibacterial surfaces that are able to repel and/or to kill bacteria. Due to the variety of devices, implants, and materials in general, as well as of bacteria and applications, plasma assisted antibacterial strategies need to be tailored to each specific surface. Nano-composite coatings containing inorganic (metals and metal oxides) or organic (drugs and biomolecules) compounds can be deposited in one step, and used as drug delivery systems. On the other hand, functional coatings can be plasma-deposited and used to bind antibacterial molecules, for synthesizing surfaces with long lasting antibacterial activity. In addition, non-fouling coatings can be produced to inhibit the adhesion of bacteria and reduce the formation of biofilm. This paper reviews plasma-based strategies aimed to reduce bacterial attachment and proliferation on biomedical materials and devices, but also onto materials used in other fields. Most of the activities described have been developed in the lab of the authors. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibacterial coatings; plasma processing; surface characterization antibacterial coatings; plasma processing; surface characterization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sardella, E.; Palumbo, F.; Camporeale, G.; Favia, P. Non-Equilibrium Plasma Processing for the Preparation of Antibacterial Surfaces. Materials 2016, 9, 515.

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