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Open AccessReview

Fabrication of Nanochannels

by Yuqi Zhang 1,†, Xiang-Yu Kong 2,†, Loujun Gao 1, Ye Tian 3, Liping Wen 2,* and Lei Jiang 2,3
1
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yan'an University, Yan'an 716000, Shaanxi, China
2
Laboratory of Bio-inspired Smart Interfacial Science, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
3
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Mady Elbahri
Materials 2015, 8(9), 6277-6308; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma8095304
Received: 7 August 2015 / Revised: 30 August 2015 / Accepted: 2 September 2015 / Published: 17 September 2015
Nature has inspired the fabrication of intelligent devices to meet the needs of the advanced community and better understand the imitation of biology. As a biomimetic nanodevice, nanochannels/nanopores aroused increasing interest because of their potential applications in nanofluidic fields. In this review, we have summarized some recent results mainly focused on the design and fabrication of one-dimensional nanochannels, which can be made of many materials, including polymers, inorganics, biotic materials, and composite materials. These nanochannels have some properties similar to biological channels, such as selectivity, voltage-dependent current fluctuations, ionic rectification current and ionic gating, etc. Therefore, they show great potential for the fields of biosensing, filtration, and energy conversions. These advances can not only help people to understand the living processes in nature, but also inspire scientists to develop novel nanodevices with better performance for mankind. View Full-Text
Keywords: 1D nanochannels; biomimetic nanodevices; ionic rectification; biotic materials; nanopore 1D nanochannels; biomimetic nanodevices; ionic rectification; biotic materials; nanopore
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Zhang, Y.; Kong, X.-Y.; Gao, L.; Tian, Y.; Wen, L.; Jiang, L. Fabrication of Nanochannels. Materials 2015, 8, 6277-6308.

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