Next Article in Journal
Investigation of the High Mobility IGZO Thin Films by Using Co-Sputtering Method
Previous Article in Journal
Ionic Liquid-Doped Gel Polymer Electrolyte for Flexible Lithium-Ion Polymer Batteries
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Materials 2015, 8(5), 2749-2768;

Wear Characteristics of Metallic Biomaterials: A Review

Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh 33516, Egypt
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Naozumi Teramoto
Received: 17 March 2015 / Revised: 6 May 2015 / Accepted: 8 May 2015 / Published: 21 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
Full-Text   |   PDF [970 KB, uploaded 26 May 2015]   |  


Metals are extensively used in a variety of applications in the medical field for internal support and biological tissue replacements, such as joint replacements, dental roots, orthopedic fixation, and stents. The metals and alloys that are primarily used in biomedical applications are stainless steels, Co alloys, and Ti alloys. The service period of a metallic biomaterial is determined by its abrasion and wear resistance. A reduction in the wear resistance of the implant results in the release of incompatible metal ions into the body that loosen the implant. In addition, several reactions may occur because of the deposition of wear debris in tissue. Therefore, developing biomaterials with high wear resistance is critical to ensuring a long life for the biomaterial. The aim of this work is to review the current state of knowledge of the wear of metallic biomaterials and how wear is affected by the material properties and conditions in terms of the type of alloys developed and fabrication processes. We also present a brief evaluation of various experimental test techniques and wear characterization techniques that are used to determine the tribological performance of metallic biomaterials. View Full-Text
Keywords: metallic biomaterial; tribology; wear; friction metallic biomaterial; tribology; wear; friction

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hussein, M.A.; Mohammed, A.S.; Al-Aqeeli, N. Wear Characteristics of Metallic Biomaterials: A Review. Materials 2015, 8, 2749-2768.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top