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Article

The Structure and Compression of Medical Compression Stockings

1
Department of Textile Design and Management, Faculty of Textile Technology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Department of Surgery, Sestre Milosrdnice, University Hospital Centre, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joseph N. Grima
Materials 2022, 15(1), 353; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010353
Received: 22 November 2021 / Revised: 28 December 2021 / Accepted: 30 December 2021 / Published: 4 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Collection of Papers in Materials Science from Croatia)
This paper lays out standards of compression stockings and their classification into classes. The analysis of knitted fabric structure parameters, elongation and compression of moderate- and high-compression stockings was conducted. Stocking compression on specific parts of the stocking leg was measured on three sizes of a wooden leg model. For moderate-compression stockings, compression above the ankle was 32 hPa. For high-compression stockings, compression above the ankle was 60 hPa. Both groups of the analyzed compression stockings were made on modern one-cylinder hosiery automats. The legs of the stockings were made in single inlaid jersey 1 + 1. Both yarns were elastane covered. The finer yarn formed loops and its knitting into a course was significantly larger than in the other yarn, which was much coarser and does not form loops but “lay the weft in a bent way”. The smallest elongation of knitted fabric was above the ankle, where the highest compression was achieved, while the largest elongation was under the crotch, where the stocking leg exerted the smallest compression on the surface. The leg of the compression stocking acted as a casing that imposed compression on the leg and often reinforced it to be able to sustain compression loads. View Full-Text
Keywords: compression stocking; elastane; elongation; compression compression stocking; elastane; elongation; compression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lozo, M.; Penava, Ž.; Lovričević, I.; Vrljičak, Z. The Structure and Compression of Medical Compression Stockings. Materials 2022, 15, 353. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010353

AMA Style

Lozo M, Penava Ž, Lovričević I, Vrljičak Z. The Structure and Compression of Medical Compression Stockings. Materials. 2022; 15(1):353. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010353

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lozo, Miloš, Željko Penava, Ivo Lovričević, and Zlatko Vrljičak. 2022. "The Structure and Compression of Medical Compression Stockings" Materials 15, no. 1: 353. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010353

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