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Laboratory Tests and Analyses of the Level of Vibration Suppression of Prototype under Ballast Mats (UBM) in the Ballasted Track Systems
Article

Analysis of the Influence of Fatigue Strength of Prototype Under Ballast Mats (UBMs) on the Effectiveness of Protection against Vibration Caused by Railway Traffic

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Institute of Roads and Bridges, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Al. Armii Ludowej 16, 00-637 Warsaw, Poland
2
Institute of Building Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Al. Armii Ludowej 16, 00-637 Warsaw, Poland
3
Faculty of Production Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Narbutta 85, 02-524 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonietta Lo Conte
Materials 2021, 14(9), 2125; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14092125
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 14 April 2021 / Accepted: 20 April 2021 / Published: 22 April 2021
The present paper focuses on laboratory tests of fatigue strength of prototype under ballast mats (UBMs), carried out according to the procedure described in the new European standard EN 17282, which was released in October 2020. The mineral wool-based mat revealed significant differences in the values of static and dynamic characteristics, measured before and after the fatigue tests. The elastomeric mats based on recycled materials (SBR granulate and fibers) turned out to have had sufficient durability and effectiveness of protection against vibration caused by railway traffic. The values of static and dynamic bedding moduli, determined before and after the fatigue tests, were used to develop a viscoelastic rheological model of the vibration isolator with the use of fractional derivatives. Using this original model of the ballasted track system with four degrees of freedom, a significant influence of cyclic loading on the level of vibration suppression (insertion loss factor) was demonstrated. The analytical model confirmed that the mats with variations of bedding moduli exceeding 10% should not be used as resilient elements. View Full-Text
Keywords: under ballast mats; vibration isolation; rheological model; fatigue strength; ballasted track structures under ballast mats; vibration isolation; rheological model; fatigue strength; ballasted track structures
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kraśkiewicz, C.; Zbiciak, A.; Al Sabouni-Zawadzka, A.; Marczak, M. Analysis of the Influence of Fatigue Strength of Prototype Under Ballast Mats (UBMs) on the Effectiveness of Protection against Vibration Caused by Railway Traffic. Materials 2021, 14, 2125. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14092125

AMA Style

Kraśkiewicz C, Zbiciak A, Al Sabouni-Zawadzka A, Marczak M. Analysis of the Influence of Fatigue Strength of Prototype Under Ballast Mats (UBMs) on the Effectiveness of Protection against Vibration Caused by Railway Traffic. Materials. 2021; 14(9):2125. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14092125

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kraśkiewicz, Cezary, Artur Zbiciak, Anna Al Sabouni-Zawadzka, and Michał Marczak. 2021. "Analysis of the Influence of Fatigue Strength of Prototype Under Ballast Mats (UBMs) on the Effectiveness of Protection against Vibration Caused by Railway Traffic" Materials 14, no. 9: 2125. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14092125

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