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Open AccessArticle

Reactivity of Different Crystalline Surfaces of C3S During Early Hydration by the Atomistic Approach

Department of Structural Materials and Construction Chemistry, University of Kassel, Mönchebergstraße 7, 34125 Kassel, Germany
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Materials 2019, 12(9), 1514; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12091514
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 29 April 2019 / Accepted: 5 May 2019 / Published: 9 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling of Cementitious Materials and Structures)
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Abstract

Early hydration of tricalcium silicate (C3S) has received great attention over the years due to the increased use of composite cement with a reduced number of clinker phases, especially the addition of what should be very reactive C3S to guarantee early strength. Although many mechanisms have been proposed, the dissolution of polygonal C3S at the material interface is not yet fully understood. Over the last decade, computational methods have been developed to describe the reaction in the cementitious system. This paper proposes an atomistic insight into the early hydration and the dissolution mechanism of calcium from different crystalline planes of C3S using reactive force field (ReaxFF) combined with metadynamics (metaD). The reactivity and thermodynamic stability of different crystal planes were calculated from the dissolution profile of calcium during hydration at 298 K. The simulation results, clearly describe the higher reactivity of ( 0 1 ¯ 1 ¯ ), (011), (100), and ( 1 ¯ 00 ) surfaces of C3S due to the strong interaction with the water, whereas, the dissolution profile explains the lower reactivity of ( 1 ¯ 1 ¯ 0 ), (110), ( 0 1 ¯ 0 ) and the effect of water tessellation on the (001), (010) planes. View Full-Text
Keywords: cement hydration; dissolution of C3S; alite; free energy surfaces; surface properties; molecular dynamics simulation; ReaxFF; metadynamics cement hydration; dissolution of C3S; alite; free energy surfaces; surface properties; molecular dynamics simulation; ReaxFF; metadynamics
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Salah Uddin, K.M.; Middendorf, B. Reactivity of Different Crystalline Surfaces of C3S During Early Hydration by the Atomistic Approach. Materials 2019, 12, 1514.

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