Bitumen aging can lead to the deterioration of asphalt pavement performance, shortening the service life of road. In order to solve the problem that current studies on the ultraviolet (UV) aging of bitumen either ignore the effects of natural environmental conditions or only consider the effects of water. In this study, different aqueous media and UV coupled simulated aging tests were carried out on virgin bitumen and styrene butadiene styrene (SBS) modified bitumen in a UV environment chamber. The combination of macroscopic performance tests and microstructure tests was used to analyze the physical, rheological, and microstructure changes of virgin bitumen and SBS modified bitumen after The film oven test (TFOT) aging and UV aging in different environments (UV, UV + Water, UV + Acid, UV + Salt). Dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) results indicated that UV aging results in the increase of rutting factor and the improvement of rutting resistance at high temperature. The Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FTIR) results illustrated that the bitumen would be oxidized and SBS would be degraded under ultraviolet radiation. The four-component analysis test results showed that light component migrated to the heavy component during the aging process. Moreover, water will aggravate the UV aging of bitumen, and the presence of acid or salt worsens ultraviolet aging.
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