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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Temperature Gradient on the Grain Size Homogeneity of SEED Produced Semi-Solid Slurries by Phase-Field Simulation

1
General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, Beijing 101407, China
2
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3
Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(20), 3309; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12203309
Received: 11 September 2019 / Revised: 6 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 October 2019 / Published: 11 October 2019
The distribution homogeneity of grain size affects the fluidity of the semi-solid slurry, which in turn affects the properties of the casting. One key factor affecting grain size uniformity resides in the nucleation number, which has been studied thoroughly, while the other factor is temperature gradient which has not been investigated yet. In this study, the microstructure evolutions under certain temperature gradients are investigated by experiment and simulation using a two-dimensional quantitative phase-field (PF) model. A parallel and adaptive mesh refinement algorithm is adopted to solve the nonlinear phase-field equations. The results indicate that temperature gradient can affect the size distribution of microstructure in the semi-solid slurry prepared by the SEED process. A higher temperature gradient (in the range of 0.230~0.657 °C/mm) along the radial direction is beneficial to the homogeneity of the grain size in a slurry. View Full-Text
Keywords: semi-solid; temperature gradient; grain size distribution; numerical visualization; phase-field semi-solid; temperature gradient; grain size distribution; numerical visualization; phase-field
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qu, W.; Luo, M.; Guo, Z.; Hu, X.; Zhang, A.; Zhang, F.; Li, D.; Zhang, Y. Effect of Temperature Gradient on the Grain Size Homogeneity of SEED Produced Semi-Solid Slurries by Phase-Field Simulation. Materials 2019, 12, 3309.

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