Next Article in Journal
A Review of Perovskite Photovoltaic Materials’ Synthesis and Applications via Chemical Vapor Deposition Method
Previous Article in Journal
Comparison of Electrophysical Properties of PZT-Type Ceramics Obtained by Conventional and Mechanochemical Methods
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effect of Different Surface Conditions on Toughness of Vanadis 6 Cold Work Die Steel—A Review
Open AccessReview

Correlation between Microstructural Alteration, Mechanical Properties and Manufacturability after Cryogenic Treatment: A Review

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, 10138 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(20), 3302; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12203302
Received: 25 August 2019 / Revised: 23 September 2019 / Accepted: 9 October 2019 / Published: 11 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue History, Developments and Trends in the Heat Treatment of Steel)
Cryogenic treatment is a supplemental structural and mechanical properties refinement process to conventional heat treatment processes, quenching, and tempering. Cryogenic treatment encourages the improvement of material properties and durability by means of microstructural alteration comprising phase transfer, particle size, and distribution. These effects are almost permanent and irreversible; furthermore, cryogenic treatment is recognized as an eco-friendly, nontoxic, and nonexplosive process. In addition, to encourage the application of sustainable techniques in mechanical and manufacturing engineering and to improve productivity in current competitive markets, cryo-treatment can be considered as a promising process. However, while improvements in the properties of materials after cryogenic treatment are discussed by the majority of reported studies, the correlation between microstructural alteration and mechanical properties are unclear, and sometimes the conducted investigations are contradictory with each other. These contradictions provide different approaches to perform and combine cryogenic treatment with pre-and post-processing. The present literature survey, mainly focused on the last decade, is aimed to address the effects of cryogenic treatment on microstructural alteration and to correlate these changes with mechanical property variations as a consequence of cryo-processing. The conclusion of the current review discusses the development and outlines the trends for the future research in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: cryogenic treatment; cryo-treatment; mechanical properties; microstructure; cryo-processing cryogenic treatment; cryo-treatment; mechanical properties; microstructure; cryo-processing
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Razavykia, A.; Delprete, C.; Baldissera, P. Correlation between Microstructural Alteration, Mechanical Properties and Manufacturability after Cryogenic Treatment: A Review. Materials 2019, 12, 3302.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop