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Open AccessArticle

Influence of a Zn Interlayer on the Interfacial Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Arc-Sprayed Al/AZ91D Bimetals Manufactured by the Solid–Liquid Compound Casting Process

1
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
2
National Engineering Research Center for Magnesium Alloys, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(19), 3273; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12193273
Received: 18 September 2019 / Revised: 28 September 2019 / Accepted: 2 October 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
A novel technique combining solid–liquid compound casting (SLCC) with arc spraying was designed to manufacture the arc-sprayed Al/AZ91D bimetals with a Zn interlayer. The Al/Mg bimetal was produced by pouring the AZ91D melt into the molds sprayed with Al/Zn double-deck coating, during which the arc-sprayed Zn coating acted as the interlayer. The effect of the Zn interlayer on microstructures, properties, and fracture behaviors of arc-sprayed Al/AZ91D bimetals by SLCC was investigated and discussed in this study. The optimal process parameter was acquired by analyzing the results from different combinations between the arc-spraying time of the Zn coating (10, 18, and 30 s) and the preheat time of the Al/Zn double-deck coating (6 and 12 h). The interfacial microstructures of the arc-sprayed Al/AZ91D bimetals with a Zn interlayer could be approximately divided into two categories: One was mainly composed of (α-Mg + Al5Mg11Zn4) and (α-Al + Mg32(Al, Zn)49) structures, and the other primarily consisted of (α-Mg + Al5Mg11Zn4), (MgZn2 (main) + β-Zn), and (β-Zn (main) + MgZn2) structures. In the interface zone, the (α-Mg + Al5Mg11Zn4) structure was the most abundant structure, and the MgZn2 intermetallic compound had the highest microhardness of 327 HV. When the arc-spraying time of the Zn coating was 30 s and the preheat time of the Al/Zn double-deck coating was 6 h, the shear strength of the arc-sprayed Al/AZ91D bimetal reached 31.73 MPa. Most rupture of the arc-sprayed Al/AZ91D bimetals with a Zn interlayer occurred at the (α-Mg + Al5Mg11Zn4) structure and presented some typical features of brittle fracture. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid–liquid compound casting; arc spraying; interface; microstructure; intermetallic compound; mechanical property solid–liquid compound casting; arc spraying; interface; microstructure; intermetallic compound; mechanical property
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He, K.; Zhao, J.; Cheng, J.; Shangguan, J.; Wen, F.; Wang, Y. Influence of a Zn Interlayer on the Interfacial Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Arc-Sprayed Al/AZ91D Bimetals Manufactured by the Solid–Liquid Compound Casting Process. Materials 2019, 12, 3273.

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