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Preparation and Characterization of Magnetic Fe3O4/CdWO4 and Fe3O4/CdWO4/PrVO4 Nanoparticles and Investigation of Their Photocatalytic and Anticancer Properties on PANC1 Cells

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Nanobiotechnology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1951683759, Iran
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Faculty of Pharmacy, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 6461853090, Iran
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Molecular Biology Research Center, System Biology and Poisoning Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1951683759, Iran
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Department of Chemistry, Imam Hossein University, Tehran 1955735345, Iran
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Department of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan 8731753153, Iran
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Physiology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1449614535, Iran
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Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy-International Campus, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1451555763, Iran
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Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tehran, Tehran 1951683759, Iran
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Biosensor Research Centre, Endocrinology & Metabolism Molecular and Cellular Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1951683759, Iran
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Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan 8115187159, Iran
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Core Research Lab, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan 8115187159, Iran
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Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Mickiewicza 2A, 15-222 Bialystok, Poland
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(19), 3274; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12193274
Received: 6 September 2019 / Revised: 29 September 2019 / Accepted: 4 October 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Nanomaterials)
Fe3O4/CdWO4 and Fe3O4/CdWO4/PrVO4 magnetic nanoparticles were prepared at different molar ratios of PrVO4 to previous layers (Fe3O4/CdWO4) via the co-precipitation method assisted by a sonochemical procedure, in order to investigate the photocatalytic performance of these systems and their cytotoxicity properties. The physico-chemical properties of these magnetic nanoparticles were determined via several experimental methods: X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy and ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflection spectroscopy, using a vibrating sample magnetometer and a scanning electron microscope. The average sizes of these nanoparticles were found to be in the range of 60–100 nm. The photocatalytic efficiency of the prepared nanostructures was measured by methylene blue degradation under visible light (assisted by H2O2). The magnetic nanosystem with a 1:2:1 ratio of three oxide components showed the best performance by the degradation of ca. 70% after 120 min of exposure to visible light irradiation. Afterwards, this sample was used for the photodegradation of methyl orange, methyl violet, fenitrothion, and rhodamine-B pollutants. Finally, the mechanism of the photocatalytic reaction was examined by releasing OH under UV light in a system including terephthalic acid, as well as O2−, OH, and hole scavengers. Additionally, the cytotoxicity of each synthesized sample was assessed using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay against the human cell line PANC1 (cancer), and its IC50 was approximately 125 mg/L. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetic nanoparticle; Fe3O4/CdWO4; Fe3O4/CdWO4/PrVO4; sonochemical procedure; photocatalysis; methylene blue; cytotoxicity properties; MTT assay; human cell line; PANC1 cells magnetic nanoparticle; Fe3O4/CdWO4; Fe3O4/CdWO4/PrVO4; sonochemical procedure; photocatalysis; methylene blue; cytotoxicity properties; MTT assay; human cell line; PANC1 cells
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Marsooli, M.A.; Fasihi-Ramandi, M.; Adib, K.; Pourmasoud, S.; Ahmadi, F.; Ganjali, M.R.; Sobhani Nasab, A.; Rahimi Nasrabadi, M.; Plonska-Brzezinska, M.E. Preparation and Characterization of Magnetic Fe3O4/CdWO4 and Fe3O4/CdWO4/PrVO4 Nanoparticles and Investigation of Their Photocatalytic and Anticancer Properties on PANC1 Cells. Materials 2019, 12, 3274.

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