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Open AccessArticle

Machinability of Luxury Vinyl Tiles during Plain Milling Using a Helical Cutter

College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Department of Wood and Forest Sciences, Laval University, Quebec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
Materials 2019, 12(13), 2174;
Received: 25 May 2019 / Revised: 1 July 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 6 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Manufacturing Processes and Systems)
PDF [7092 KB, uploaded 6 July 2019]


In order to better provide a theoretical basis for the machining of luxury vinyl tiles, a helical milling experiment was conducted by using diamond cutting tools, and special attention was given to the trends of cutting force and surface roughness in respect to tool geometry and cutting parameters. The results showed that the resultant force was negatively correlated to the helix angle and cutting speed, but positively correlated with the cutting depth. Then, that the surface roughness increased with a decrease of the helix angle and an increase of cutting depth, while as cutting speed raised, the surface roughness first declined and then increased. Thirdly, the cutting depth was shown to have the greatest influence on both cutting force and surface roughness, followed by helix angle and cutting speed. Fourth, the contribution of cutting depth only was significant to cutting force, while both the helix angle and cutting speed had insignificant influence on the cutting force and surface roughness. Finally, the optimal cutting conditions were proposed for industrial production, in which the helix angle, cutting speed and cutting depth were 70°, 2200 m/min and 0.5 mm, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: LVT; PCD cutting tool; helix cutting; orthogonal design; optimization LVT; PCD cutting tool; helix cutting; orthogonal design; optimization

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Zhu, Z.; Cao, P.; Guo, X.; Wang, X.A.; Zhang, F.; Gao, Y. Machinability of Luxury Vinyl Tiles during Plain Milling Using a Helical Cutter. Materials 2019, 12, 2174.

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