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Open AccessArticle

On Nb Silicide Based Alloys: Alloy Design and Selection

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK
Materials 2018, 11(5), 844;
Received: 25 April 2018 / Revised: 9 May 2018 / Accepted: 11 May 2018 / Published: 18 May 2018
The development of Nb-silicide based alloys is frustrated by the lack of composition-process-microstructure-property data for the new alloys, and by the shortage of and/or disagreement between thermodynamic data for key binary and ternary systems that are essential for designing (selecting) alloys to meet property goals. Recent publications have discussed the importance of the parameters δ (related to atomic size), Δχ (related to electronegativity) and valence electron concentration (VEC) (number of valence electrons per atom filled into the valence band) for the alloying behavior of Nb-silicide based alloys (J Alloys Compd 748 (2018) 569), their solid solutions (J Alloys Compd 708 (2017) 961), the tetragonal Nb5Si3 (Materials 11 (2018) 69), and hexagonal C14-NbCr2 and cubic A15-Nb3X phases (Materials 11 (2018) 395) and eutectics with Nbss and Nb5Si3 (Materials 11 (2018) 592). The parameter values were calculated using actual compositions for alloys, their phases and eutectics. This paper is about the relationships that exist between the alloy parameters δ, Δχ and VEC, and creep rate and isothermal oxidation (weight gain) and the concentrations of solute elements in the alloys. Different approaches to alloy design (selection) that use property goals and these relationships for Nb-silicide based alloys are discussed and examples of selected alloy compositions and their predicted properties are given. The alloy design methodology, which has been called NICE (Niobium Intermetallic Composite Elaboration), enables one to design (select) new alloys and to predict their creep and oxidation properties and the macrosegregation of Si in cast alloys. View Full-Text
Keywords: intermetallics; alloy design; creep; oxidation; high temperature alloys intermetallics; alloy design; creep; oxidation; high temperature alloys
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Tsakiropoulos, P. On Nb Silicide Based Alloys: Alloy Design and Selection. Materials 2018, 11, 844.

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