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Materials 2018, 11(4), 574; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11040574

Finite Element Simulations of Hard-On-Soft Hip Joint Prosthesis Accounting for Dynamic Loads Calculated from a Musculoskeletal Model during Walking

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, nr. 132, 84084 Fisciano, Italy
2
Medical Technology Laboratory, IRCCS—Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Via di Barbiano, 1/10, 40136 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 March 2018 / Revised: 4 April 2018 / Accepted: 5 April 2018 / Published: 9 April 2018
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Abstract

The hip joint replacement is one of the most successful orthopedic surgical procedures although it involves challenges to overcome. The patient group undergoing total hip arthroplasty now includes younger and more active patients who require a broad range of motion and a longer service lifetime for the replacement joint. It is well known that wear tests have a long duration and they are very expensive, thus studying the effects of geometry, loading, or alignment perturbations may be performed by Finite Element Analysis. The aim of the study was to evaluate total deformation and stress intensity on ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene liner coupled with hard material head during one step. Moving toward in-silico wear assessment of implants, in the presented simulations we used a musculoskeletal multibody model of a human body giving the loading and relative kinematic of the investigated tribo-system during the gait. The analysis compared two frictional conditions -dry and wet and two geometrical cases- with and without radial clearance. The loads and rotations followed the variability of the gait cycle as well as stress/strain acting in the UHWMPE cup. The obtained results allowed collection of the complete stress/strain description of the polyethylene cup during the gait and calculation of the maximum contact pressure on the lateral edge of the insert. The tensional state resulted in being more influenced by the geometrical conditions in terms of radial clearance than by the variation of the friction coefficients due to lubrication phenomena. View Full-Text
Keywords: total hip arthroplasty; musculoskeletal multibody model; dynamic loading; finite element analysis; radial clearance; dry and wet friction total hip arthroplasty; musculoskeletal multibody model; dynamic loading; finite element analysis; radial clearance; dry and wet friction
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Ruggiero, A.; Merola, M.; Affatato, S. Finite Element Simulations of Hard-On-Soft Hip Joint Prosthesis Accounting for Dynamic Loads Calculated from a Musculoskeletal Model during Walking. Materials 2018, 11, 574.

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