An experimental study was conducted to investigate the potential use of phosphogypsum (PG) to produce self-leveling underlayments. The study was designed in two stages. Initially a phosphoanhydrite (PA) was produced by heating phosphogypsum at temperatures of 350 °C, 450 °C, 550 °C, and 650 °C. Two periods of heating were applied (2 and 4 h). The formation of anhydrite was determined by thermogravimetric analysis (DTA-TG) and confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results show that anhydrite II was obtained at temperatures above 450 °C, and at higher calcination temperatures the PA solubility was lower. In the second stage of this research, the PA was used in self-leveling underlayments as the main binder in the ternary system comprised of calcium sulfate, calcium aluminate cement, and Portland cement. Self-leveling mortar screeds produced using PA (550 °C/4 h) and PA (650 °C/4 h) showed the best performance in terms of mechanical strength and no degradation was observed after immersion and immersion-drying tests. The formation of ettringite, identified by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), may have contributed to these results. Morphological changes were studied using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) technique.
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