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Processing Conditions, Thermal and Mechanical Responses of Stretchable Poly (Lactic Acid)/Poly (Butylene Succinate) Films

Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, University of Perugia, UdR INSTM, Strada di Pentima 4, 05100 Terni, Italy
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Materials 2017, 10(7), 809; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10070809
Received: 29 June 2017 / Revised: 10 July 2017 / Accepted: 11 July 2017 / Published: 16 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biobased Polymers for Packaging Applications)
Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) and poly (butylene succinate) (PBS) based films containing two different plasticizers [Acetyl Tributyl Citrate (ATBC) and isosorbide diester (ISE)] at three different contents (15 wt %, 20 wt % and 30 wt %) were produced by extrusion method. Thermal, morphological, mechanical and wettability behavior of produced materials was investigated as a function of plasticizer content. Filmature parameters were also adjusted and optimized for different formulations, in order to obtain similar thickness for different systems. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) results and evaluation of solubility parameter confirmed that similar miscibility was obtained for ATBC and ISE in PLA, while the two selected plasticizers resulted as not efficient for plasticization of PBS, to the limit that the PBS–30ATBC resulted as not processable. On the basis of these results, isosorbide-based plasticizer was considered a suitable agent for modification of a selected blend (PLA/PBS 80:20) and two mixing approaches were used to identify the role of ISE in the plasticization process: results from mechanical analysis confirmed that both produced PLA–PBS blends (PLA85–ISE15)–PBS20 and (PLA80–PBS20)–ISE15 could guarantee advantages in terms of deformability, with respect to the PLA80–PBS20 reference film, suggesting that the promising use of these stretchable PLA–PBS based films plasticized with isosorbide can provide novel solutions for food packaging applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly (lactic acid); poly (butylene succinate); blend; plasticizers; stretchable films; processing; thermal properties; mechanical properties; wettability poly (lactic acid); poly (butylene succinate); blend; plasticizers; stretchable films; processing; thermal properties; mechanical properties; wettability
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Fortunati, E.; Puglia, D.; Iannoni, A.; Terenzi, A.; Kenny, J.M.; Torre, L. Processing Conditions, Thermal and Mechanical Responses of Stretchable Poly (Lactic Acid)/Poly (Butylene Succinate) Films. Materials 2017, 10, 809.

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