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Nanoparticle Filtration Characteristics of Advanced Metal Foam Media for a Spark Ignition Direct Injection Engine in Steady Engine Operating Conditions and Vehicle Test Modes

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School of Mechanical Engineering, Korea University, 145, Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-701, Korea
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Alantum Corporation, 8F, Starwood B/D, 5439-1, Sangdaewon 2-dong, Joongwon-gu, Seongnam-city, Gyonggi-do 462-819, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Terese Løvås
Energies 2015, 8(3), 1865-1881; https://doi.org/10.3390/en8031865
Received: 18 November 2014 / Revised: 13 February 2015 / Accepted: 28 February 2015 / Published: 9 March 2015
In this study, the particle formation and reduction characteristics at the engine-out position, after a three-way catalyst (TWC) and a metal foam gasoline particulate filter (GPF), were evaluated for a gasoline direct-injection (GDI) engine under part-load operating conditions. The vehicle tests were performed under the Federal Test Procedure-75 (FTP-75) and the Highway Fuel Economy Test (HWFET) modes. Particle number (PN) concentrations, size distributions, and the filtering efficiency with the GPF were evaluated with a condensation particle counter (CPC) and a differential mobility spectrometer (DMS500). Under steady engine operating conditions, the PN concentrations at the engine-out position were 9.7 × 105–2.5 × 106 N/cc. While, the PN concentrations after the GPF were 9.2 × 104–3.5 × 105 N/cc, and the PN was reduced by 77%–96%. The PN filtering efficiency with the GPF-GDI vehicle reached approximately 58% in the FTP-75 and 62% in the HWFET mode. The PN concentration of the GPF-GDI vehicle was significantly reduced to 3.95 × 1011 N/km for the FTP-75 and 8.86 × 1010 N/km for the HWFET mode. The amount of nucleation mode particles below 23 nm was substantially reduced with the GPF-GDI vehicle. The fuel economy, CO2, and regulated emissions of the GPF-GDI vehicle were equivalent to those of the base GDI vehicle under the vehicle certification modes. View Full-Text
Keywords: gasoline direct injection engine; gasoline particulate filter; particle number; sub-23 nm particles; pressure drop gasoline direct injection engine; gasoline particulate filter; particle number; sub-23 nm particles; pressure drop
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Myung, C.-L.; Kim, J.; Jang, W.; Jin, D.; Park, S.; Lee, J. Nanoparticle Filtration Characteristics of Advanced Metal Foam Media for a Spark Ignition Direct Injection Engine in Steady Engine Operating Conditions and Vehicle Test Modes. Energies 2015, 8, 1865-1881.

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