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Optimal Energy Management, Location and Size for Stationary Energy Storage System in a Metro Line Based on Genetic Algorithm

School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, No.3 Shangyuancun, Beijing 100044, China
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Academic Editor: William Holderbaum
Energies 2015, 8(10), 11618-11640; https://doi.org/10.3390/en81011618
Received: 18 August 2015 / Revised: 10 September 2015 / Accepted: 14 September 2015 / Published: 16 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Control of Energy Storage)
The installation of stationary super-capacitor energy storage system (ESS) in metro systems can recycle the vehicle braking energy and improve the pantograph voltage profile. This paper aims to optimize the energy management, location, and size of stationary super-capacitor ESSes simultaneously and obtain the best economic efficiency and voltage profile of metro systems. Firstly, the simulation platform of an urban rail power supply system, which includes trains and super-capacitor energy storage systems, is established. Then, two evaluation functions from the perspectives of economic efficiency and voltage drop compensation are put forward. Ultimately, a novel optimization method that combines genetic algorithms and a simulation platform of urban rail power supply system is proposed, which can obtain the best energy management strategy, location, and size for ESSes simultaneously. With actual parameters of a Chinese metro line applied in the simulation comparison, certain optimal scheme of ESSes’ energy management strategy, location, and size obtained by a novel optimization method can achieve much better performance of metro systems from the perspectives of two evaluation functions. The simulation result shows that with the increase of weight coefficient, the optimal energy management strategy, locations and size of ESSes appear certain regularities, and the best compromise between economic efficiency and voltage drop compensation can be obtained by a novel optimization method, which can provide a valuable reference to subway company. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy storage system; super-capacitor; energy management; configuration; economic efficiency; voltage drop compensation; genetic algorithm energy storage system; super-capacitor; energy management; configuration; economic efficiency; voltage drop compensation; genetic algorithm
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Xia, H.; Chen, H.; Yang, Z.; Lin, F.; Wang, B. Optimal Energy Management, Location and Size for Stationary Energy Storage System in a Metro Line Based on Genetic Algorithm. Energies 2015, 8, 11618-11640.

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