Next Article in Journal
Bi-Level Optimal Capacity Planning of Load-Side Electric Energy Storage Using an Emission-Considered Carbon Incentive Mechanism
Previous Article in Journal
BelBuk System—Smart Logistics for Sustainable City Development in Terms of the Deficit of a Chemical Fertilizers
Article

Light-Emitting Diode (LED) versus High-Pressure Sodium Vapour (HPSV) Efficiency: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach with Undesirable Output

1
Institute for Advanced Studies, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
2
Department of Management, Faculty of Business and Economics, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
3
Department of Economics and Applied Statistics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Behdad Kiani
Energies 2022, 15(13), 4589; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15134589
Received: 18 May 2022 / Revised: 16 June 2022 / Accepted: 17 June 2022 / Published: 23 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Energy Water Nexus)
Road lighting is essential to ensure the safety and comfort of its users, especially in preventing accidents and aiding visual tasks. The monumental shift from conventional road lighting technology to light-emitting diode (LED) lighting is driven by energy efficiency, associated cost savings, and environmental concerns in the road lighting system. This study aims to investigate the performance of LED in substitution for high-pressure sodium vapour (HPSV) road lighting in Penang Bridge, Malaysia using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), a frontier-based optimisation approach, by modelling energy, cost, and environment together, as none of the previous studies has included energy, cost, and environmental concerns together in one model. The LED renewable energy industry that promotes zero carbon emissions has the potential to establish an affordable, clean, and carbon-free energy system for road lighting, especially in rural areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: light-emitting diode (LED); high-pressure sodium vapour (HPSV); data envelopment analysis (DEA); undesirable output; efficiency; energy light-emitting diode (LED); high-pressure sodium vapour (HPSV); data envelopment analysis (DEA); undesirable output; efficiency; energy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rofaie, N.S.A.; Phoong, S.W.; Abdul Talib @ Abdul Mutalib, M. Light-Emitting Diode (LED) versus High-Pressure Sodium Vapour (HPSV) Efficiency: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach with Undesirable Output. Energies 2022, 15, 4589. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15134589

AMA Style

Rofaie NSA, Phoong SW, Abdul Talib @ Abdul Mutalib M. Light-Emitting Diode (LED) versus High-Pressure Sodium Vapour (HPSV) Efficiency: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach with Undesirable Output. Energies. 2022; 15(13):4589. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15134589

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rofaie, Nina S.A., Seuk W. Phoong, and Muzalwana Abdul Talib @ Abdul Mutalib. 2022. "Light-Emitting Diode (LED) versus High-Pressure Sodium Vapour (HPSV) Efficiency: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach with Undesirable Output" Energies 15, no. 13: 4589. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15134589

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop