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Article

Combined Optimal Design and Control of Hybrid Thermal-Electrical Distribution Grids Using Co-Simulation

1
Center for Energy, Austrian Institute of Technology, 1210 Vienna, Austria
2
Institute for Energy Systems and Thermodynamics, Vienna University of Technology, TU Wien, 1060 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(8), 1945; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13081945
Received: 28 February 2020 / Revised: 27 March 2020 / Accepted: 8 April 2020 / Published: 15 April 2020
Innovations in today’s energy grids are mainly driven by the need to reduce carbon emissions and the necessary integration of decentralized renewable energy sources. In this context, a transition towards hybrid distribution systems, which effectively couple thermal and electrical networks, promises to exploit hitherto unused synergies for increasing efficiency and flexibility. However, this transition poses practical challenges, starting already in the design phase where established design optimization approaches struggle to capture the technical details of control and operation of such systems. This work addresses these obstacles by introducing a design approach that enables the analysis and optimization of hybrid thermal-electrical distribution systems with explicit consideration of control. Based on a set of key prerequisites and modeling requirements, co-simulation is identified as the most appropriate method to facilitate the detailed analysis of such systems. Furthermore, a methodology is presented that links the design process with the implementation of different operational strategies. The approach is then successfully applied to two real-world applications, proving its suitability for design optimization under realistic conditions. This provides a significant extension of established tools for the design optimization of multi-energy systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: design optimization; control and operation; multi-carrier energy systems; co-simulation design optimization; control and operation; multi-carrier energy systems; co-simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Widl, E.; Leitner, B.; Basciotti, D.; Henein, S.; Ferhatbegovic, T.; Hofmann, R. Combined Optimal Design and Control of Hybrid Thermal-Electrical Distribution Grids Using Co-Simulation. Energies 2020, 13, 1945. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13081945

AMA Style

Widl E, Leitner B, Basciotti D, Henein S, Ferhatbegovic T, Hofmann R. Combined Optimal Design and Control of Hybrid Thermal-Electrical Distribution Grids Using Co-Simulation. Energies. 2020; 13(8):1945. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13081945

Chicago/Turabian Style

Widl, Edmund; Leitner, Benedikt; Basciotti, Daniele; Henein, Sawsan; Ferhatbegovic, Tarik; Hofmann, René. 2020. "Combined Optimal Design and Control of Hybrid Thermal-Electrical Distribution Grids Using Co-Simulation" Energies 13, no. 8: 1945. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13081945

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