Next Article in Journal
Collaborative Optimization of Multi-Energy Complementary Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power Systems Considering Schedulable Loads
Previous Article in Journal
Technology Innovation System Analysis of Electricity Smart Metering in the European Union
 
 
Review

Ancillary Services Market Design in Distribution Networks: Review and Identification of Barriers

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
Independent Power Transmission Operator, 10443 Athens, Greece
3
Department of Electrical Sustainable Energy, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
4
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Seville, 41092 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(4), 917; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13040917
Received: 30 December 2019 / Revised: 25 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 February 2020 / Published: 18 February 2020
The high proliferation of converter-dominated Distributed Renewable Energy Sources (DRESs) at the distribution grid level has gradually replaced the conventional synchronous generators (SGs) of the transmission system, resulting in emerging stability and security challenges. The inherent characteristics of the SGs are currently used for providing ancillary services (ASs), following the instructions of the Transmission System Operator, while the DRESs are obliged to offer specific system support functions, without being remunerated for these functions, but only for the energy they inject. This changing environment has prompted the integration of energy storage systems as a solution for transfusing new characteristics and elaborating their business in the electricity markets, while the smart grid infrastructure and the upcoming microgrid architectures contribute to the transformation of the distribution grid. This review investigates the existing ASs in transmission system with the respective markets (emphasizing the DRESs’ participation in these markets) and proposes new ASs at distribution grid level, with emphasis to inertial response, active power ramp rate control, frequency response, voltage regulation, fault contribution and harmonic mitigation. The market tools and mechanisms for the procurement of these ASs are presented evolving the existing role of the Operators. Finally, potential barriers in the technical, regulatory, and financial framework have been identified and analyzed. View Full-Text
Keywords: ancillary services; distributed generation; renewable energy resources; electricity markets; distribution grid; inertia response; primary frequency response; voltage regulation; fault contribution; harmonics mitigation ancillary services; distributed generation; renewable energy resources; electricity markets; distribution grid; inertia response; primary frequency response; voltage regulation; fault contribution; harmonics mitigation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Oureilidis, K.; Malamaki, K.-N.; Gallos, K.; Tsitsimelis, A.; Dikaiakos, C.; Gkavanoudis, S.; Cvetkovic, M.; Mauricio, J.M.; Maza Ortega, J.M.; Ramos, J.L.M.; Papaioannou, G.; Demoulias, C. Ancillary Services Market Design in Distribution Networks: Review and Identification of Barriers. Energies 2020, 13, 917. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13040917

AMA Style

Oureilidis K, Malamaki K-N, Gallos K, Tsitsimelis A, Dikaiakos C, Gkavanoudis S, Cvetkovic M, Mauricio JM, Maza Ortega JM, Ramos JLM, Papaioannou G, Demoulias C. Ancillary Services Market Design in Distribution Networks: Review and Identification of Barriers. Energies. 2020; 13(4):917. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13040917

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oureilidis, Konstantinos, Kyriaki-Nefeli Malamaki, Konstantinos Gallos, Achilleas Tsitsimelis, Christos Dikaiakos, Spyros Gkavanoudis, Milos Cvetkovic, Juan Manuel Mauricio, Jose Maria Maza Ortega, Jose Luis Martinez Ramos, George Papaioannou, and Charis Demoulias. 2020. "Ancillary Services Market Design in Distribution Networks: Review and Identification of Barriers" Energies 13, no. 4: 917. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13040917

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop