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Article

The Potential of Wobble Plate Opposed Piston Axial Engines for Increased Efficiency

Department of Aircraft Engines, Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 00-665 Warsaw, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(21), 5598; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215598
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 20 October 2020 / Accepted: 22 October 2020 / Published: 26 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Trends on the Combustion Processes in Spark Ignition Engines)
Recent announcements regarding the phase out of internal combustion engines indicate the need to make major changes in the automotive industry. Bearing in mind this innovation trend, the article proposes a new approach to the engine design. The aim of this paper is to shed a new light on the forgotten concept of axial engines with wobble plate mechanism. One of their most important advantages is the ease of use of the opposed piston layout, which has recently received much attention. Based on several years of research, the features determining the increase in mechanical efficiency, lower heat losses and the best scavenging efficiency were indicated. Thanks to the applied Variable Compression Ratio (VCR), Variable Angle Shift (VAS) and Variable Port Area (VPA) systems, the engine can operate on various fuels in each of the Spark Ignition (SI), Compression Ignition (CI) and Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI)/Controlled Auto Ignition (CAI) modes. In order to quantify the potential of the proposed design, an initial research of the newest PAMAR 4 engine was presented to calculate the torque curve at low rotational speeds. The achieved torque of 500 Nm at 500 rpm is 65% greater than the maximum torque of the OM 651 engine of the same 1.8 L capacity. The findings lead to the conclusion that axial engines are wrongfully overlooked and can significantly improve research on new trends in pollutant elimination. View Full-Text
Keywords: axial engines; wobble plate; opposed piston engine; uniflow scavenging; variable compression ratio; variable valve timing; downsizing; downspeeding; multifuel potential axial engines; wobble plate; opposed piston engine; uniflow scavenging; variable compression ratio; variable valve timing; downsizing; downspeeding; multifuel potential
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mazuro, P.; Makarewicz, B. The Potential of Wobble Plate Opposed Piston Axial Engines for Increased Efficiency. Energies 2020, 13, 5598. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215598

AMA Style

Mazuro P, Makarewicz B. The Potential of Wobble Plate Opposed Piston Axial Engines for Increased Efficiency. Energies. 2020; 13(21):5598. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215598

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mazuro, Paweł; Makarewicz, Barbara. 2020. "The Potential of Wobble Plate Opposed Piston Axial Engines for Increased Efficiency" Energies 13, no. 21: 5598. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13215598

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