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Effect of Diesel Fuel-Coconut Oil-Butanol Blends on Operational Parameters of Diesel Engine

Selected Fuel Properties of Alcohol and Rapeseed Oil Blends

School of Technology and Innovations, University of Vaasa, P.O. Box 700, FI-65101 Vaasa, Finland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(15), 3821;
Received: 16 June 2020 / Revised: 20 July 2020 / Accepted: 22 July 2020 / Published: 25 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy Solutions for Baltic-Nordic Region 2020)
The alcohols ethanol and 1-butanol are interesting options as blending components for renewable fuels. We studied whether it is possible to mix these alcohols with a little refined material, rapeseed oil, to obtain stable fuel samples. At room temperature, the stable samples consisted of rapeseed oil blended with butanol at 5 vol-%, 10 vol-%, 20 vol-%, 30 vol-% and one sample of rapeseed oil with 5 vol-% of ethanol. The samples’ fuel properties analysed were kinematic viscosity (at 40 °C), density (at 15 °C) and surface tension. Cold filter plugging point was measured for rapeseed oil with 20 vol-% and 30 vol-% of butanol. Stability of butanol or ethanol and rapeseed oil blends can be achieved at the studied volumes. The density of neat rapeseed oil and all the alcohol–rapeseed oil blends met the requirements set for residual marine fuels. The 30 vol-% butanol–rapeseed oil blend met the requirements for distillate marine oil for density, and almost for kinematic viscosity. The blends appeared most suitable for power plants and marine engines. More detailed analyses of their properties are needed before recommendations for use can be given. View Full-Text
Keywords: alternative fuels; biofuels; blend properties; renewable energy alternative fuels; biofuels; blend properties; renewable energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nuortila, C.; Help, R.; Sirviö, K.; Suopanki, H.; Heikkilä, S.; Niemi, S. Selected Fuel Properties of Alcohol and Rapeseed Oil Blends. Energies 2020, 13, 3821.

AMA Style

Nuortila C, Help R, Sirviö K, Suopanki H, Heikkilä S, Niemi S. Selected Fuel Properties of Alcohol and Rapeseed Oil Blends. Energies. 2020; 13(15):3821.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nuortila, Carolin, Riikka Help, Katriina Sirviö, Helena Suopanki, Sonja Heikkilä, and Seppo Niemi. 2020. "Selected Fuel Properties of Alcohol and Rapeseed Oil Blends" Energies 13, no. 15: 3821.

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