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Open AccessArticle

Design of an Adaptive Power Management Strategy for Range Extended Electric Vehicles

Department of Vehicle Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 10608, Taiwan
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Energies 2019, 12(9), 1610; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091610
Received: 18 March 2019 / Revised: 23 April 2019 / Accepted: 24 April 2019 / Published: 28 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Electric Vehicles)
The cruising distance of the range extended electric vehicle (REEV) can be further extended using a range extender, which consists of an engine and a generator, i.e., a genset. An adaptive power management strategy (PMS) based on the equivalent fuel consumption minimization strategy (ECMS) is proposed for the REEV in this paper. The desired trajectory of the state of charge (SOC) is designed based on the energy-to-distance ratio, which is defined as the difference between the initial SOC and the minimum allowable SOC divided by the remaining travel distance, for discharging the battery. A self-organizing fuzzy controller (SOFC) with SOC feedback is utilized to modify the equivalence factor, which is defined as the fuel consumption rate per unit of electric power, for tracking the desired SOC trajectory. An instantaneous cost function, that consists of the fuel consumption rate of the genset and the equivalent fuel consumption rate of the battery, is minimized to find the optimum power distribution for the genset and the battery. Dynamic programming, which is a global minimization method, is employed to obtain the performance upper bound for the target REEV. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is adaptive for different driving cycles and can effectively increase the fuel economy of the thermostat control strategy (TCS) by 11.1% to 16%. The proposed algorithm can also reduce average charging/discharging powers and low SOC operations for possibly extending the battery life and increasing the battery efficiency, respectively. An experiment of the prototype REEV on a chassis dynamometer is set up with the proposed algorithm implemented on a real-time controller. Experiment results show that the proposed algorithm can increase the fuel economy of the TCS by 7.8% for the tested driving cycle. In addition, the proposed algorithm can reduce the average charge/discharge powers of TCS by 7.9% and 11.7%, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: range extended electric vehicle; genset; adaptive power management strategy; equivalent fuel consumption minimization; equivalence factor; dynamic programming range extended electric vehicle; genset; adaptive power management strategy; equivalent fuel consumption minimization; equivalence factor; dynamic programming
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guan, J.-C.; Chen, B.-C.; Wu, Y.-Y. Design of an Adaptive Power Management Strategy for Range Extended Electric Vehicles. Energies 2019, 12, 1610. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091610

AMA Style

Guan J-C, Chen B-C, Wu Y-Y. Design of an Adaptive Power Management Strategy for Range Extended Electric Vehicles. Energies. 2019; 12(9):1610. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091610

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guan, Jen-Chiun; Chen, Bo-Chiuan; Wu, Yuh-Yih. 2019. "Design of an Adaptive Power Management Strategy for Range Extended Electric Vehicles" Energies 12, no. 9: 1610. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091610

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