Next Article in Journal
Lignin from Bioethanol Production as a Part of a Raw Material Blend of a Metallurgical Coke
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Supply–Demand Adaptation of Photovoltaic–Wind Hybrid Plants Integrated into an Urban Environment
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of the Influence Subjective Human Parameters in the Calculation of Thermal Comfort and Energy Consumption of Buildings
Previous Article in Special Issue
Recent Developments in Solar Energy-Harvesting Technologies for Building Integration and Distributed Energy Generation
Open AccessReview

Review on Building-Integrated Photovoltaics Electrical System Requirements and Module-Integrated Converter Recommendations

Department of Electrical Engineering, ESAT, KU Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 10, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
EnergyVille, Thor Park 8310, 3600 Genk, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(8), 1532;
Received: 26 March 2019 / Revised: 16 April 2019 / Accepted: 17 April 2019 / Published: 23 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alternative Energy Systems in Buildings)
Since building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) modules are typically installed during, not after, the construction phase, BIPVs have a profound impact compared to conventional building-applied photovoltaics on the electrical installation and construction planning of a building. As the cost of BIPV modules decreases over time, the impact of electrical system architecture and converters will become more prevalent in the overall cost of the system. This manuscript provides an overview of potential BIPV electrical architectures. System-level criteria for BIPV installations are established, thus providing a reference framework to compare electrical architectures. To achieve modularity and to minimize engineering costs, module-level DC/DC converters preinstalled in the BIPV module turned out to be the best solution. The second part of this paper establishes converter-level requirements, derived and related to the BIPV system. These include measures to increase the converter fault tolerance for extended availability and to ensure essential safety features. View Full-Text
Keywords: PV; BIPV; LVDC; DC/DC module-level converters PV; BIPV; LVDC; DC/DC module-level converters
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ravyts, S.; Dalla Vecchia, M.; Van den Broeck, G.; Driesen, J. Review on Building-Integrated Photovoltaics Electrical System Requirements and Module-Integrated Converter Recommendations. Energies 2019, 12, 1532.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop