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Energies 2019, 12(6), 1007; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12061007

Biogas Upgrading Via Dry Reforming Over a Ni-Sn/CeO2-Al2O3 Catalyst: Influence of the Biogas Source

Chemical & Process Engineering Department, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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Received: 15 February 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
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Abstract

Biogas is a renewable, as well as abundant, fuel source which can be utilised in the production of heat and electricity as an alternative to fossil fuels. Biogas can additionally be upgraded via the dry reforming reactions into high value syngas. Nickel-based catalysts are well studied for this purpose but have shown little resilience to deactivation caused by carbon deposition. The use of bi-metallic formulations, as well as the introduction of promoters, are hence required to improve catalytic performance. In this study, the effect of varying compositions of model biogas (CH4/CO2 mixtures) on a promising multicomponent Ni-Sn/CeO2-Al2O3 catalyst was investigated. For intermediate temperatures (650 °C), the catalyst displayed good levels of conversions in a surrogate sewage biogas (CH4/CO2 molar ratio of 1.5). Little deactivation was observed over a 20 h stability run, and greater coke resistance was achieved, related to a reference catalyst. Hence, this research confirms that biogas can suitably be used to generate H2-rich syngas at intermediate temperatures provided a suitable catalyst is employed in the reaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: biogas; syngas production; DRM; Ni catalyst; bi-metallic catalyst; ceria-alumina biogas; syngas production; DRM; Ni catalyst; bi-metallic catalyst; ceria-alumina
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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le Saché, E.; Johnson, S.; Pastor-Pérez, L.; Amini Horri, B.; Reina, T.R. Biogas Upgrading Via Dry Reforming Over a Ni-Sn/CeO2-Al2O3 Catalyst: Influence of the Biogas Source. Energies 2019, 12, 1007.

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