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Energies 2019, 12(3), 548; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030548

Numerical Study on Thermal Hydraulic Performance of Supercritical LNG in Zigzag-Type Channel PCHEs

School of Energy and Power, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 212000, China
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Received: 18 December 2018 / Revised: 4 February 2019 / Accepted: 4 February 2019 / Published: 11 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer)
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Abstract

In this paper, we study a promising plate-type heat exchanger, the printed circuit heat exchanger (PCHE), which has high compactness and is suitable for high-pressure conditions as a vaporizer during vaporization. The thermal hydraulic performance of supercritical produce liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the zigzag channel of PCHE is numerically investigated using the SST κ-ω turbulence model. The thermo-physical properties of supercritical LNG from 6.5 MPa to 10MPa were calculated using piecewise-polynomial approximations of the temperature. The effect of the channel bend angle, mass flux and inlet pressure on local convection heat transfer coefficient, and pressure drop are discussed. The heat transfer and pressure loss performance are evaluated using the Nusselt and Euler numbers. Nu/Eu is proposed to evaluate the comprehensive heat transfer performance of PCHE by considering the heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics to find better bend angle and operating conditions. The supercritical LNG has a better heat transfer performance when bend angle is less than 15° with the mass flux ranging from 207.2 kg/(m2·s) to 621.6 kg/(m2·s), which improves at bend angle of 10° and lower compared to 15° at mass flux above 414.4 kg/(m2·s). The heat transfer performance is better at larger mass flux and lower operating pressures. View Full-Text
Keywords: printed circuit heat exchanger; supercritical LNG; zigzag type; heat transfer performance printed circuit heat exchanger; supercritical LNG; zigzag type; heat transfer performance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhao, Z.; Zhou, Y.; Ma, X.; Chen, X.; Li, S.; Yang, S. Numerical Study on Thermal Hydraulic Performance of Supercritical LNG in Zigzag-Type Channel PCHEs. Energies 2019, 12, 548.

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