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Open AccessArticle

Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Forestry Wood Waste for Bio-Energy Recovery Using Nano-Catalysts

School of Forestry, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China
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Energies 2019, 12(20), 3972; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12203972
Received: 12 September 2019 / Revised: 9 October 2019 / Accepted: 16 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass for Energy Application)
Fast pyrolysis is envisioned as a promising technology for the utilization of forestry wood waste (e.g., widely available from tree logging) as resources. In this study, the potential of an innovative approach was explored to convert forestry wood waste of Vernicia fordii (VF) into energy products based on fast pyrolysis combined with nano-catalysts. The results from fast pyrolysis using three types of nano-catalysts showed that the distribution and composition of the pyrolytic product were affected greatly by the type of nano-catalyst employed. The use of nano-Fe2O3 and nano-NiO resulted in yields of light hydrocarbons (alkanes and olefins) as 38.7% and 33.2%, respectively. Compared to the VF sample, the use of VF-NiO and VF-Fe2O3 led to significant increases in the formation of alkanes (e.g., from 14% to 26% and 31%, respectively). In addition, the use of nano-NiO and nano-Fe2O3 catalysts was found to promote the formation of acid, aromatics, and phenols that can be used as chemical feedstocks. The NiO catalyst affected the bio-oil composition by promoting lignin decomposition for the formation of aromatics and phenolics, which were increased from 9.52% to 14.40% and from 1.65% to 4.02%, respectively. Accordingly, the combined use of nano-catalysts and fast pyrolysis can be a promising technique for bio-energy applications to allow efficient recovery of fuel products from forestry wood waste. View Full-Text
Keywords: pyrolysis; catalyst; wood; waste; energy pyrolysis; catalyst; wood; waste; energy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, C.; Yue, X.; Yang, J.; Yang, Y.; Gu, H.; Peng, W. Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Forestry Wood Waste for Bio-Energy Recovery Using Nano-Catalysts. Energies 2019, 12, 3972. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12203972

AMA Style

Li C, Yue X, Yang J, Yang Y, Gu H, Peng W. Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Forestry Wood Waste for Bio-Energy Recovery Using Nano-Catalysts. Energies. 2019; 12(20):3972. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12203972

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Cheng; Yue, Xiaochen; Yang, Jun; Yang, Yafeng; Gu, Haiping; Peng, Wanxi. 2019. "Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Forestry Wood Waste for Bio-Energy Recovery Using Nano-Catalysts" Energies 12, no. 20: 3972. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12203972

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