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Open AccessArticle

Pressure Pulsation and Cavitation Phenomena in a Micro-ORC System

Department of Engineering (DE), University of Ferrara, 44122 Ferrara, Italy
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Energies 2019, 12(11), 2186; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12112186
Received: 9 May 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 8 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organic Rankine Cycle for Energy Recovery System)
Micro-ORC systems are usually equipped with positive displacement machines such as expanders and pumps. The pumping system has to guarantee the mass flow rate and allows a pressure rise from the condensation to the evaporation pressure values. In addition, the pumping system supplies the organic fluid, characterized by pressure and temperature very close to the saturation. In this work, a CFD approach is developed to analyze from a novel point of view the behavior of the pumping system of a regenerative lab-scale micro-ORC system. In fact, starting from the liquid receiver, the entire flow path, up to the inlet section of the evaporator, has been numerically simulated (including the Coriolis flow meter installed between the receiver and the gear pump). A fluid dynamic analysis has been carried out by means of a transient simulation with a mesh morphing strategy in order to analyze the transient phenomena and the effects of pump operation. The analysis has shown how the accuracy of the mass flow rate measurement could be affected by the pump operation being installed in the same circuit branch. In addition, the results have shown how the cavitation phenomenon affects the pump and the ORC system operation compared to control system actions. View Full-Text
Keywords: micro-ORC; gear pump; CFD; mesh morphing; pressure pulsation; cavitation; dynamic analysis micro-ORC; gear pump; CFD; mesh morphing; pressure pulsation; cavitation; dynamic analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Casari, N.; Fadiga, E.; Pinelli, M.; Randi, S.; Suman, A. Pressure Pulsation and Cavitation Phenomena in a Micro-ORC System. Energies 2019, 12, 2186.

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