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Open AccessReview

CO2 Pipeline Design: A Review

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Informatics, University of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK
2
Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State 560103, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(9), 2184; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092184
Received: 25 June 2018 / Revised: 16 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 21 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Storage and Application)
There is a need to accurately design pipelines to meet the expected increase in the construction of carbon dioxide (CO2) pipelines after the signing of the Paris Climate Agreement. CO2 pipelines are usually designed with the assumption of a pure CO2 fluid, even though it usually contains impurities, which affect the critical pressure, critical temperature, phase behaviour, and pressure and temperature changes in the pipeline. The design of CO2 pipelines and the calculation of process parameters and fluid properties is not quite accurate with the assumption of pure CO2 fluids. This paper reviews the design of rich CO2 pipelines including pipeline route selection, length and right of way, fluid flow rates and velocities, need for single point-to-point or trunk pipelines, pipeline operating pressures and temperatures, pipeline wall thickness, fluid stream composition, fluid phases, and pipeline diameter and pressure drop calculations. The performance of a hypothetical pipeline was simulated using gPROMS (ver. 4.2.0) and Aspen HYSYS (ver.10.1) and the results of both software were compared to validate equations. Pressure loss due to fluid acceleration was ignored in the development of the diameter/pressure drop equations. Work is ongoing to incorporate fluid acceleration effect and the effects of impurities to improve the current models. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS); CO2 pipeline design; pressure drop; pipeline diameter equations; CO2 transportation carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS); CO2 pipeline design; pressure drop; pipeline diameter equations; CO2 transportation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peletiri, S.P.; Rahmanian, N.; Mujtaba, I.M. CO2 Pipeline Design: A Review. Energies 2018, 11, 2184.

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