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Energies 2018, 11(3), 510; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030510

Secure Protocol and IP Core for Configuration of Networking Hardware IPs in the Smart Grid

1
Departamento de Eléctrica y Electrónica, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE, 171-5-231B Sangolquí, Ecuador
2
Propagation, Electronic Control and Networking Research Group—PROCONET, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE, 171-5-231B Sangolquí, Ecuador
3
Departamento de Tecnología Electrónica, Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV/EHU), 48013 Bilbao, Spain
4
System-on-Chip Engineering, Ed Udondo Planta 6, Ribera de Axpe 50, 48950 Erandio, Spain
Current address: Plaza Ingeniero Torres Quevedo 1, 48013 Bilbao, Spain.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 January 2018 / Revised: 22 February 2018 / Accepted: 23 February 2018 / Published: 27 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Smart Grid)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2827 KB, uploaded 28 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

Nowadays, the incorporation and constant evolution of communication networks in the electricity sector have given rise to the so-called Smart Grid, which is why it is necessary to have devices that are capable of managing new communication protocols, guaranteeing the strict requirements of processing required by the electricity sector. In this context, intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) with network architectures are currently available to meet the communication, real-time processing and interoperability requirements of the Smart Grid. The new generation IEDs include an Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA), to support specialized networking switching architectures for the electric sector, as the IEEE 1588-aware High-availability Seamless Redundancy/Parallel Redundancy Protocol (HSR/PRP). Another advantage to using an FPGA is the ability to update or reconfigure the design to support new requirements that are being raised to the standards (IEC 61850). The update of the architecture implemented in the FPGA can be done remotely, but it is necessary to establish a cyber security mechanism since the communication link generates vulnerability in the case the attacker gains physical access to the network. The research presented in this paper proposes a secure protocol and Intellectual Property (IP) core for configuring and monitoring the networking IPs implemented in a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The FPGA based implementation proposed overcomes this issue using a light Layer-2 protocol fully implemented on hardware and protected by strong cryptographic algorithms (AES-GCM), defined in the IEC 61850-90-5 standard. The proposed secure protocol and IP core are applicable in any field where remote configuration over Ethernet is required for IP cores in FPGAs. In this paper, the proposal is validated in communications hardware for Smart Grids. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyber-security; Configuration Over Ethernet secure (COEsec); Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA); High-availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR); IEC 61850; Industrial communication; Smart Grid; Substation Automation Systems (SAS); cryptography cyber-security; Configuration Over Ethernet secure (COEsec); Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA); High-availability Seamless Redundancy (HSR); IEC 61850; Industrial communication; Smart Grid; Substation Automation Systems (SAS); cryptography
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Urbina, M.; Moreira, N.; Rodriguez, M.; Acosta, T.; Lázaro, J.; Astarloa, A. Secure Protocol and IP Core for Configuration of Networking Hardware IPs in the Smart Grid. Energies 2018, 11, 510.

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