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Energies 2018, 11(10), 2713; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11102713

Numerical Analysis on the Radiation-Convection Coupled Heat Transfer in an Open-Cell Foam Filled Annulus

1
School of Mechatronics Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, 92, West Dazhi Street, Harbin 150001, China
2
School of Energy Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, 92, West Dazhi Street, Harbin 150001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 September 2018 / Revised: 7 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Thermal Management)
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Abstract

Forced flow and radiation-convection coupled heat transfer in an annulus filled with open-cell foam was numerically investigated at high temperatures. The Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer model was utilized to represent the fluid transport. The two-energy equation model was applied for the non-equilibrium heat exchange between the fluid and solid phases, while the radiation heat transfer within the foam material was solved using the P1 approximation. Two different cases of thermal boundary conditions were studied and discussed in detail, namely the inner wall with a constant heat flux while the outer wall was adiabatic (case I) and vice versa (case II). The effects of pertinent factors on the heat transfer characteristics were examined, such as the foam structural parameters and the radii ratio of the annulus. The temperature, local and average Nusselt number were predicted. The results indicate that neglecting the thermal radiation causes a large deviation in predicting the thermal performance of such foam-fluid systems. Increasing the porosity and pore diameter both promote the radiation heat transfer, while it is weakened by increasing the radii ratio. The average Nusselt number decreases as the porosity increases, while it exhibits a non-monotonic change with the pore diameter and radii ratio. Besides, case I shows a higher average Nusselt number than case II and presents an improved thermal performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: open-cell foam-filled annulus; radiation-convection heat transfer; local thermal non-equilibrium; high temperature open-cell foam-filled annulus; radiation-convection heat transfer; local thermal non-equilibrium; high temperature
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, X.; Sun, C.; Xia, X.; Liu, R. Numerical Analysis on the Radiation-Convection Coupled Heat Transfer in an Open-Cell Foam Filled Annulus. Energies 2018, 11, 2713.

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