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Energies 2018, 11(1), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010094

Heating and Cooling Degree-Days Maps of Pakistan

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST), Mirpur 10250 (AJK), Pakistan
2
Department of Computer System Engineering, Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST), Mirpur 10250 (AJK), Pakistan
3
Department of Electrical (Power) Engineering, Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST), Mirpur 10250 (AJK), Pakistan
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila 47080, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 December 2017 / Revised: 25 December 2017 / Accepted: 29 December 2017 / Published: 2 January 2018
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Abstract

The building sector consumes about 40% of the world’s primary energy. Seasonal climatic conditions have a significant effect on the energy consumption in buildings. One of the famous methods used for decoding this seasonal variation in buildings energy consumption is the “Degree Days Method”. Data has been widely published for the heating and cooling degree days of different countries. Unfortunately, there is very limited and outdated published data for the heating and cooling degree-days of Pakistan. In this study, yearly average heating and cooling degree-days for different regions of Pakistan are established by using 30 year long-term measured data for different base temperatures. The data is presented in tables and figures whereas heating and cooling degree-day maps of Pakistan have been developed. View Full-Text
Keywords: degree days; Pakistan; energy consumption; forecasting degree days; Pakistan; energy consumption; forecasting
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Amber, K.P.; Aslam, M.W.; Ikram, F.; Kousar, A.; Ali, H.M.; Akram, N.; Afzal, K.; Mushtaq, H. Heating and Cooling Degree-Days Maps of Pakistan. Energies 2018, 11, 94.

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