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Layout Optimisation of Wave Energy Converter Arrays

Department of Civil Engineering, Aalborg University, Thomas Manns Vej 23, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
Tecnalia Research and Innovation, Energy and Environmental Division, Parque Tecnologico de Bizkaia, 48160 Derio, Spain
Basque Centre for Applied Mathematics BCAM, 48009 Bilbao, Spain
Institute for Energy Systems, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3DW, Scotland, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2017, 10(9), 1262;
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 3 August 2017 / Accepted: 22 August 2017 / Published: 24 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Energy)
This paper proposes an optimisation strategy for the layout design of wave energy converter (WEC) arrays. Optimal layouts are sought so as to maximise the absorbed power given a minimum q-factor, the minimum distance between WECs, and an area of deployment. To guarantee an efficient optimisation, a four-parameter layout description is proposed. Three different optimisation algorithms are further compared in terms of performance and computational cost. These are the covariance matrix adaptation evolution strategy (CMA), a genetic algorithm (GA) and the glowworm swarm optimisation (GSO) algorithm. The results show slightly higher performances for the latter two algorithms; however, the first turns out to be significantly less computationally demanding. View Full-Text
Keywords: wave energy arrays; array layout; optimisation; evolution strategy; swarm intelligence wave energy arrays; array layout; optimisation; evolution strategy; swarm intelligence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz, P.M.; Nava, V.; Topper, M.B.R.; Minguela, P.R.; Ferri, F.; Kofoed, J.P. Layout Optimisation of Wave Energy Converter Arrays. Energies 2017, 10, 1262.

AMA Style

Ruiz PM, Nava V, Topper MBR, Minguela PR, Ferri F, Kofoed JP. Layout Optimisation of Wave Energy Converter Arrays. Energies. 2017; 10(9):1262.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruiz, Pau M., Vincenzo Nava, Mathew B.R. Topper, Pablo R. Minguela, Francesco Ferri, and Jens P. Kofoed. 2017. "Layout Optimisation of Wave Energy Converter Arrays" Energies 10, no. 9: 1262.

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