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Energies 2017, 10(12), 1938; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10121938

A Cascade Disaster Caused by Geological and Coupled Hydro-Mechanical Factors—Water Inrush Mechanism from Karst Collapse Column under Confining Pressure

1
State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
2
Shanxi China Coal Huajin Energy Limited Liability Company, Hejin 043300, Shanxi, China
3
School of Resources and Geosciences, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 September 2017 / Revised: 7 November 2017 / Accepted: 17 November 2017 / Published: 23 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mathematical and Computational Modeling in Geothermal Engineering)
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Abstract

The water inrush from karst collapse column (KCC) is a cascading, vicious cycle disaster caused by geological and mining activities, that can cause serious casualties and property losses. The key to preventing this risk is to study the mechanism of water inrush under confining pressure. Aiming at the investigationg the characteristics of the KCC named X1 in Chensilou mine, a series of methods, including connectivity experiments, water pressure monitoring tests in two side-walls, and numerical simulations based on plastic damage-seepage (PD-S) theory have been developed. The methods are used to test the security of the 2519 mining area, the damage thickness, pore water pressure, and seepage vector in the X1. The results indicate that the X1 has a certain water blocking capacity. In addition, with the decrease of confining pressure and increase of shear stress, deviatoric stress could cause the increase of permeability, the reduction of strength, and the reduction of pore water pressure in KCC. Therefore the increased effective stress in the rock will force the rock to become more fractured. Conversely, the broken rock could cause the change of stress, and further initiate new plastic strains, damage and pore water pressure until a new equilibrium is reached. This cascading water inrush mechanism will contribute to the exploitation of deep coal resources in complex geological and hydrogeological conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: cascade disaster; karst collapse column; coupled hydro-mechanical model; water inrush mechanism; confining pressure cascade disaster; karst collapse column; coupled hydro-mechanical model; water inrush mechanism; confining pressure
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, H.; Bai, H.; Wu, J.; Ma, Z.; Ma, K.; Wu, G.; Du, Y.; He, S. A Cascade Disaster Caused by Geological and Coupled Hydro-Mechanical Factors—Water Inrush Mechanism from Karst Collapse Column under Confining Pressure. Energies 2017, 10, 1938.

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