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Open AccessArticle

Bank Competition and Credit Risk in Euro Area Banking: Fragmentation and Convergence Dynamics

by Maria Karadima 1,* and Helen Louri 1,2
1
Department of Economics, Athens University of Economics and Business, 76 Patission Street, GR-10434 Athens, Greece
2
European Institute/Hellenic Observatory, London School of Economics, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Risk Financial Manag. 2020, 13(3), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13030057
Received: 9 February 2020 / Revised: 2 March 2020 / Accepted: 12 March 2020 / Published: 16 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Financial Statistics and Data Analytics)
Consolidation in euro area banking has been the major trend post-crisis. Has it been accompanied by more or less competition? Has it led to more or less credit risk? In all or some countries? In this study, we examine the evolution of competition (through market power and concentration) and credit risk (through non-performing loans) in 2005–2017 across all euro area countries (EA-19), as well as core (EA-Co) and periphery (EA-Pe) countries separately. Using Theil inequality and convergence analysis, our results support the continued existence of fragmentation as well as of divergence within and/or between core and periphery with respect to competition and credit risk, especially post-crisis, in spite of some partial reintegration trends. Policy measures supporting faster convergence of our variables would be helpful in establishing a real banking union. View Full-Text
Keywords: banking competition; credit risk; NPLs; Theil index; convergence analysis banking competition; credit risk; NPLs; Theil index; convergence analysis
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Karadima, M.; Louri, H. Bank Competition and Credit Risk in Euro Area Banking: Fragmentation and Convergence Dynamics. J. Risk Financial Manag. 2020, 13, 57.

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