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Article

Relationship between Provider Communication Behaviors and the Quality of Life for Patients with Advanced Cancer in Saudi Arabia

1
Medical Surgical Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdul Aziz University, P.O. Box. 80209, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2
Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fiona Schulte
Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28(4), 2893-2901; https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28040253
Received: 1 June 2021 / Revised: 10 July 2021 / Accepted: 26 July 2021 / Published: 30 July 2021
Context: Patients with advanced cancer from Saudi Arabia are often not well informed about diagnoses, prognoses, and treatment options. Poor communication can lead to health-care decisions that insufficiently meet patients’ preferences, concerns, and needs and that subsequently affect patients’ quality of life. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between provider communication behaviors and the quality of life of patients with advanced cancer. Method: A cross-sectional, correlation design was used in the present study, in which 159 patients with confirmed diagnoses of stage III or IV solid cancer were surveyed. Results: The mean summary score of the patients’ quality of life was 57.31. We found a significant relationship between provider communication behaviors and patient quality of life (β = 0.18, b = 0.35, SE = 0.15, p = 0.021). In addition, R2 shows that only 3.4% of variance in patient quality of life is predicated on provider communication behaviors. Conclusions: The relationship between provider communication behaviors and patient quality of life was low (r = 0.18). A possible reason for this is that provider communication behaviors are not the only factor that affects patient quality of life; other variables, such as the patient’s age, cancer type, and level of awareness, can also have an effect. Another possible explanation is that communication behaviors between patients and providers may vary depending on the level of cultural contact. View Full-Text
Keywords: provider communication behavior; quality of life; cancer; Saudi Arabia provider communication behavior; quality of life; cancer; Saudi Arabia
MDPI and ACS Style

Alhofaian, A.; Zhang, A.; Gary, F.A. Relationship between Provider Communication Behaviors and the Quality of Life for Patients with Advanced Cancer in Saudi Arabia. Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28, 2893-2901. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28040253

AMA Style

Alhofaian A, Zhang A, Gary FA. Relationship between Provider Communication Behaviors and the Quality of Life for Patients with Advanced Cancer in Saudi Arabia. Current Oncology. 2021; 28(4):2893-2901. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28040253

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alhofaian, Aisha, Amy Zhang, and Faye A. Gary. 2021. "Relationship between Provider Communication Behaviors and the Quality of Life for Patients with Advanced Cancer in Saudi Arabia" Current Oncology 28, no. 4: 2893-2901. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28040253

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