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Article

Assessing Nursing Students’ Self-Perceptions about Safe Medication Management: Design and Validation of a Tool, the NURSPeM

1
Nursing Department, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Barcelona, Spain
2
Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malaga, 29071 Malaga, Spain
3
Nursing Department, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43005 Tarragona, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Current affiliation: Faculty of Biomedical and Health Sciences, European University of Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain.
Academic Editor: Roger E. Thomas
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(8), 4663; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084663
Received: 7 February 2022 / Revised: 28 March 2022 / Accepted: 8 April 2022 / Published: 12 April 2022
Objective: The objective was to design and validate a tool for assessing nursing students’ self-perceptions about safe medication management. Methods: A descriptive instrumental study was conducted involving construct definition, development of the tool, analysis of the content validity, and psychometric evaluation. Consensus regarding the content was obtained through a two-round Delphi process, and the resulting tool (the NURSPeM) was administered to nursing students to examine its internal consistency, temporal stability, and construct validity, the latter through exploratory factor analysis. Results: Thirteen experts participated in the Delphi process, which yielded a tool comprising two questionnaires: (1) Self-perceptions about safe medication management (27 items) and (2) the frequency and learning of drug-dose calculation (13 items). The tool’s psychometric properties were then examined based on responses from 559 nursing students. This analysis led to the elimination of three items from questionnaire 1, leaving a total of 24 items distributed across seven dimensions. All 13 items in questionnaire 2 were retained. Both questionnaires showed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.894 and 0.893, respectively) and temporal stability (ICC = 0.894 and 0.846, respectively). Conclusions: The NURSPeM is a valid and reliable tool for assessing nursing students’ self-perceptions about safe medication management. It may be used to identify areas in which their training needs to be enhanced, and to evaluate the subsequent impact of new teaching initiatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: medication management; nursing students; patient safety; self-perceptions medication management; nursing students; patient safety; self-perceptions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fuster-Linares, P.; Alfonso-Arias, C.; Gallart Fernández-Puebla, A.; Rodríguez-Higueras, E.; García-Mayor, S.; Font-Jimenez, I.; Llaurado-Serra, M. Assessing Nursing Students’ Self-Perceptions about Safe Medication Management: Design and Validation of a Tool, the NURSPeM. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 4663. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084663

AMA Style

Fuster-Linares P, Alfonso-Arias C, Gallart Fernández-Puebla A, Rodríguez-Higueras E, García-Mayor S, Font-Jimenez I, Llaurado-Serra M. Assessing Nursing Students’ Self-Perceptions about Safe Medication Management: Design and Validation of a Tool, the NURSPeM. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(8):4663. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084663

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fuster-Linares, Pilar, Cristina Alfonso-Arias, Alberto Gallart Fernández-Puebla, Encarna Rodríguez-Higueras, Silvia García-Mayor, Isabel Font-Jimenez, and Mireia Llaurado-Serra. 2022. "Assessing Nursing Students’ Self-Perceptions about Safe Medication Management: Design and Validation of a Tool, the NURSPeM" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 8: 4663. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19084663

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