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Article

Parental Burnout and Its Antecedents among Same-Sex and Different-Sex Families

1
Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal
2
Department of Psychology, UCLouvain, 1348 Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dorit Segal-Engelchin and Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 7601; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137601
Received: 1 April 2022 / Revised: 7 June 2022 / Accepted: 20 June 2022 / Published: 21 June 2022
Parental burnout (PB) results from a chronic imbalance between risks and resources and has severe and extended consequences on the wellbeing of parents and their children. Because same-sex (SS) and different-sex (DS) families face partially different stressors (e.g., SS parents are more stigmatized) but have also partially different resources (e.g., more egalitarian task sharing in SS couples), the current research aimed to investigate whether PB differs or not according to family type. Two studies were conducted. In study 1, family type differences in PB were explored among 114 demographically matched SS and DS families from 18 countries. Study 2 further explored the predictive value of family type, age, gender, and balance between risks and resources (BR2) in PB, using a sample of 222 matched SS and DS families. Parental burnout was not associated with family type in either study. Although differentially composed, the global BR2 score did not differ across family type and was a significant predictor of all PB dimensions, while controlling for the effect of family type, age, and gender. Thus, in accordance with reviewed studies, parental sexual identity was not associated with family functioning. Future studies should investigate the impact of specific risks and resources (e.g., social support from chosen social networks or legal climate) on PB levels among SS families. View Full-Text
Keywords: parental burnout; same-sex families; gender parental burnout; same-sex families; gender
MDPI and ACS Style

Gato, J.; Fontaine, A.M.; César, F.; Leal, D.; Roskam, I.; Mikolajczak, M. Parental Burnout and Its Antecedents among Same-Sex and Different-Sex Families. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 7601. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137601

AMA Style

Gato J, Fontaine AM, César F, Leal D, Roskam I, Mikolajczak M. Parental Burnout and Its Antecedents among Same-Sex and Different-Sex Families. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):7601. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137601

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gato, Jorge, Anne Marie Fontaine, Filipa César, Daniela Leal, Isabelle Roskam, and Moïra Mikolajczak. 2022. "Parental Burnout and Its Antecedents among Same-Sex and Different-Sex Families" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 7601. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137601

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