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Article

The Effects of an Online–Offline Hybrid Exercise Program on the Lives of Children with Cerebral Palsy Using Wheelchairs during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea

1
Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Department of Sport Sciences, College of Energy and Biotechnology, Seoul National University of Science & Technology, Seoul 01811, Korea
3
College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rubén Trigueros-Ramos, José M. Aguilar-Parra and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(12), 7203; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127203
Received: 16 April 2022 / Revised: 5 June 2022 / Accepted: 11 June 2022 / Published: 12 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity, Physical Education and Disability)
Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, many online programs for social meetings, education, leisure, and physical activities have been developed and provided; however, children with cerebral palsy (CP) cannot enjoy online programs in the same way that those without disabilities can. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in reintegration to normal living (RNL), social interaction, and quality of life among school-age children with CP after participation in a game-based online–offline hybrid group exercise program. The current study was conducted on 26 children with CP who participated in a hybrid exercise program. The RNL, social interaction, and quality of life were measured before and after the six-week program. The scores of RNL and quality of life were improved (p < 0.05) after program participation. Online or hybrid exercise programs incorporating interactive methods (i.e., competition and cooperating) could enhance RNL and quality of life of children with CP. Thus, well-designed online or hybrid exercise programs should be developed and provided for children with CP to enhance overall quality of life during the pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: children with CP; COVID-19; online exercise programs; reintegration to normal living (RNL); social interaction; quality of life children with CP; COVID-19; online exercise programs; reintegration to normal living (RNL); social interaction; quality of life
MDPI and ACS Style

Lim, Y.; Han, A.; Lee, M.; Kim, M. The Effects of an Online–Offline Hybrid Exercise Program on the Lives of Children with Cerebral Palsy Using Wheelchairs during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 7203. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127203

AMA Style

Lim Y, Han A, Lee M, Kim M. The Effects of an Online–Offline Hybrid Exercise Program on the Lives of Children with Cerebral Palsy Using Wheelchairs during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(12):7203. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127203

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lim, Youngshin, Areum Han, Mingoo Lee, and May Kim. 2022. "The Effects of an Online–Offline Hybrid Exercise Program on the Lives of Children with Cerebral Palsy Using Wheelchairs during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 12: 7203. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127203

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