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Review

Peer Education and Peer Counselling for Health and Well-Being: A Review of Reviews

School of Education, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK
Academic Editors: Maike Neuhaus and Natasha Reid
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 6064; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106064
Received: 22 March 2022 / Revised: 9 May 2022 / Accepted: 16 May 2022 / Published: 17 May 2022
Peer education and peer counselling for health and wellbeing have been recognized as complementary approaches to professional intervention for over 50 years, but it is relatively recently that research into effects has become adequate. Potentially, they have advantages in reaching where professionals cannot, but it has not been clear if that potential is fulfilled, although the measurement of effects is difficult. The present paper examines 58 narrative and systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the topic. In peer education, there were many reviews of sexual health and of HIV/AIDS interventions, followed by reviews of various medical conditions and in the context of prisons. More general reviews covered a wider field. In peer counselling, there were several reviews of breast-feeding and mental health. Many early reviews complained of the lack of evaluation; then, later reviews found knowledge gains but not behavior gains; then, still later reviews found both knowledge and behavior gains. Thus, peer education and counselling appear effective but only if organizational factors are well managed and the cultural context of the country respected. The implications for future practice, policy and research were outlined. View Full-Text
Keywords: peer education; peer counselling; peer support; health; well-being; narrative reviews; systematic analyses; meta-analyses; effect; outcome peer education; peer counselling; peer support; health; well-being; narrative reviews; systematic analyses; meta-analyses; effect; outcome
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MDPI and ACS Style

Topping, K.J. Peer Education and Peer Counselling for Health and Well-Being: A Review of Reviews. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 6064. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106064

AMA Style

Topping KJ. Peer Education and Peer Counselling for Health and Well-Being: A Review of Reviews. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(10):6064. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106064

Chicago/Turabian Style

Topping, Keith J. 2022. "Peer Education and Peer Counselling for Health and Well-Being: A Review of Reviews" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 10: 6064. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106064

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