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Article

Willing or Hesitant? A Socioeconomic Study on the Potential Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine in Japan

1
School of Economics, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8525, Japan
2
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Indiana University School of Public Health, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4864; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094864
Received: 18 April 2021 / Revised: 29 April 2021 / Accepted: 30 April 2021 / Published: 2 May 2021
The worldwide COVID-19 vaccination program is already underway, raising hopes and aspirations to contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic that halted economic and social activities. However, the issue of vaccine effectiveness and its side-effects is influencing the potential acceptance of vaccines. In this uncertain situation, we used data from a nationwide survey in Japan during February 2021, following the Japanese government’s initial phase of COVID-19 vaccination. Our results show that 47% of the respondents are willing to take a vaccine once it is available, while 22% are not willing and another 31% remain indecisive. Our ordered probit regression results show that demographic, socioeconomic, and behavioral variables such as gender, age, subjective health status, children, household income, household assets, financial literacy, future anxiety, and myopic view of the future are associated with willingness to take a COVID-19 vaccine. Our findings suggest that Japan’s government should not adopt a one-size-fits-all policy to promote the vaccination program, but rather target people with specific socioeconomic backgrounds who are less willing and more hesitant to take a vaccine. View Full-Text
Keywords: vaccine; COVID-19 pandemic; socioeconomic factors; Japan vaccine; COVID-19 pandemic; socioeconomic factors; Japan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kadoya, Y.; Watanapongvanich, S.; Yuktadatta, P.; Putthinun, P.; Lartey, S.T.; Khan, M.S.R. Willing or Hesitant? A Socioeconomic Study on the Potential Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4864. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094864

AMA Style

Kadoya Y, Watanapongvanich S, Yuktadatta P, Putthinun P, Lartey ST, Khan MSR. Willing or Hesitant? A Socioeconomic Study on the Potential Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine in Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4864. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094864

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kadoya, Yoshihiko, Somtip Watanapongvanich, Pattaphol Yuktadatta, Pongpat Putthinun, Stella T. Lartey, and Mostafa S.R. Khan. 2021. "Willing or Hesitant? A Socioeconomic Study on the Potential Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine in Japan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4864. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094864

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