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Effectiveness of Conservative Treatment According to Severity and Systemic Disease in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Systematic Review

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Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Unidad de Investigación en Fisioterapia, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain
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ACTIUM Functional Anatomy Group, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain
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Unit of Reconstructive Surgery of the Locomotor System, Hand-Microsurgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2365; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052365
Received: 2 February 2021 / Revised: 17 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 28 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
(1) Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral neuropathy in the upper extremity. Conservative treatment has been effective for mild and moderate idiopathic CTS. However, severe CTS and systemic conditions were an exclusion criterion from the studies. The aim of this study is to review the effectiveness of conservative treatment in patients with CTS regardless of the level of severity and the presence or not of systemic diseases in the last ten years. (2) Methods: Randomized controlled clinical trials that compared the effect of conservative treatment on the Boston questionnaire and pain were selected. PubMed, PEDro, Scopus, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases were used. PRISMA statement checklist was performed. (3) Results: 876 studies were recorded, 29 were selected. Pharmacology, Electrotherapy and Manual Therapy had benefits for CTS. Electrotherapy and manual therapy could be effective for severe CTS patients with a systemic condition in the short term, but there was a low percentage of these patients included in the studies. (4) Conclusion: Some pharmacological treatments, manual therapy and electrotherapy have shown benefits for handling CTS, although the most effective combination of techniques is unknown. It would be necessary to include patients with systemic conditions in the selection criteria for future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: carpal tunnel syndrome; conservative treatment; diabetic neuropathy; electric stimulation therapy; musculoskeletal manipulation; pain carpal tunnel syndrome; conservative treatment; diabetic neuropathy; electric stimulation therapy; musculoskeletal manipulation; pain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hernández-Secorún, M.; Montaña-Cortés, R.; Hidalgo-García, C.; Rodríguez-Sanz, J.; Corral-de-Toro, J.; Monti-Ballano, S.; Hamam-Alcober, S.; Tricás-Moreno, J.M.; Lucha-López, M.O. Effectiveness of Conservative Treatment According to Severity and Systemic Disease in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2365. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052365

AMA Style

Hernández-Secorún M, Montaña-Cortés R, Hidalgo-García C, Rodríguez-Sanz J, Corral-de-Toro J, Monti-Ballano S, Hamam-Alcober S, Tricás-Moreno JM, Lucha-López MO. Effectiveness of Conservative Treatment According to Severity and Systemic Disease in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2365. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052365

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hernández-Secorún, Mar; Montaña-Cortés, Raquel; Hidalgo-García, César; Rodríguez-Sanz, Jacobo; Corral-de-Toro, Jaime; Monti-Ballano, Sofia; Hamam-Alcober, Sami; Tricás-Moreno, José M.; Lucha-López, María O. 2021. "Effectiveness of Conservative Treatment According to Severity and Systemic Disease in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2365. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052365

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