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Open AccessArticle

Post-Traumatic Growth among Patients after Living and Cadaveric Donor Kidney Transplantation: The Role of Resilience and Alexithymia

1
Teaching Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
2
Faculty of Psychology, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, 03-815 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Emergency Medical Services, Faculty of Health Science, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
4
Department of Transplant Medicine, Nephrology and Internal Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
5
Department of General and Transplant Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2164; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042164
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 20 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
The aim of this study was to determine the role of resilience and alexithymia in the post-traumatic growth as a response to extreme stress in patients after kidney transplantation and to determine whether there are differences in the level of posttraumatic growth in patients after living and cadaveric donor kidney transplantation. The relationships between these variables were also evaluated. The questionnaire survey of 91 kidney recipients took place in 2018 and 2019. The following tools were used: authorial post-transplant questionnaire for recipients and validated questionnaires, Post Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-R), Resilience Coping Scale Questionnaire, and Toronto Alexithymia Scale Questionnaire (TAS20). The results obtained showed significant differences between the group of kidney recipients from living donors and recipients from cadaveric donors, in terms of overall post-traumatic growth, as well as changes in self-perception and a greater appreciation for life. Post-traumatic growth in both groups was related to the level of resilience and the level of alexithymia. Resilience is an accurate predictor of posttraumatic growth in general and for each of the groups of recipients separately. View Full-Text
Keywords: kidney transplantation; psychology; resilience; alexithymia; post-traumatic growth kidney transplantation; psychology; resilience; alexithymia; post-traumatic growth
MDPI and ACS Style

Tomaszek, A.; Wróblewska, A.; Zdankiewicz-Ścigała, E.; Rzońca, P.; Gałązkowski, R.; Gozdowska, J.; Lewandowska, D.; Kosson, D.; Kosieradzki, M.; Danielewicz, R. Post-Traumatic Growth among Patients after Living and Cadaveric Donor Kidney Transplantation: The Role of Resilience and Alexithymia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042164

AMA Style

Tomaszek A, Wróblewska A, Zdankiewicz-Ścigała E, Rzońca P, Gałązkowski R, Gozdowska J, Lewandowska D, Kosson D, Kosieradzki M, Danielewicz R. Post-Traumatic Growth among Patients after Living and Cadaveric Donor Kidney Transplantation: The Role of Resilience and Alexithymia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tomaszek, Aleksandra; Wróblewska, Aleksandra; Zdankiewicz-Ścigała, Elżbieta; Rzońca, Patryk; Gałązkowski, Robert; Gozdowska, Jolanta; Lewandowska, Dorota; Kosson, Dariusz; Kosieradzki, Maciej; Danielewicz, Roman. 2021. "Post-Traumatic Growth among Patients after Living and Cadaveric Donor Kidney Transplantation: The Role of Resilience and Alexithymia" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 2164. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042164

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