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Article

Concurrent and Longitudinal Relationships between Positive Youth Development Attributes and Adolescent Internet Addiction Symptoms in Chinese Mainland High School Students

Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1937; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041937
Received: 11 January 2021 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 9 February 2021 / Published: 17 February 2021
In view of growing adolescent Internet addiction (IA) in the global context, there is a great need to understand the predictors of IA and design related evidence-based intervention and prevention programs. This longitudinal study investigated the relationships between Positive Youth Development (PYD) attributes and IA problems and the mediating role of life satisfaction using a large sample of Chinese high school students (N = 2648). Separated by one academic year, students completed a questionnaire evaluating their adolescent psychosocial adjustment, including validated PYD and IA measures. Multiple regression and structural equation modeling analyses were used. Consistent with the theoretical predictions of PYD models, results revealed a significant negative influence of PYD attributes on IA symptoms concurrently and longitudinally. In particular, general PYD attributes, such as emotional competence, spirituality, and resilience, showed strong and stable protective effects against IA. Life satisfaction also served as a mediator of the influence of all measures of PYD attributes on IA symptoms. The study underlines the importance of PYD attributes in promoting adolescents’ life satisfaction and preventing IA, and thus contributes to the design and implementation of evidence-based intervention and prevention programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: positive youth development; life satisfaction; Internet addiction; China; secondary students positive youth development; life satisfaction; Internet addiction; China; secondary students
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dou, D.; Shek, D.T.L. Concurrent and Longitudinal Relationships between Positive Youth Development Attributes and Adolescent Internet Addiction Symptoms in Chinese Mainland High School Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041937

AMA Style

Dou D, Shek DTL. Concurrent and Longitudinal Relationships between Positive Youth Development Attributes and Adolescent Internet Addiction Symptoms in Chinese Mainland High School Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041937

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dou, Diya, and Daniel T. L. Shek. 2021. "Concurrent and Longitudinal Relationships between Positive Youth Development Attributes and Adolescent Internet Addiction Symptoms in Chinese Mainland High School Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1937. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041937

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